The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. IUCN Red List 2004 (January, 2005) http://www.redlist.org External link.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Walker's Mammal Encyclopedia online (January, 2004) External link.
  • 3. CITES (January, 2004) http://www.cites.org External link.
  • 4. Oliver, W.L.R. (1993) Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • 5. Animal Diversity Website (January, 2004)$narrative.html#geographic_range$narrative.html#geographic_range External link.
  • Burton, J. A., and B. Pearson. 1987. Rare Mammals of the World, WIlliam Collins Sons & Co. ltd.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Clayton, L., and D. W. Macdonald. 1994. Social Organisation of the Babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa) and their use of Salt Licks in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Journal of Mammology 80:1147-1157.
  • Cohn, J. Jul./Aug. 1996. Americas, 48:4: 38-44.
  • Emanoil, M. 1994. Encyclopedia of Endangered Species. Gale Research International, Detriot, London.
  • GeoZoo Mammals, Accessed December 10, 1999 at
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Kelt, D. A., and D. H. Van Vuren. 2001. The Ecology and Macroecology of Mammalian Home Range Area. American Naturalist 157:637-645.
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Mayer, J. J., and R. M. Wetzel. 1986. Catagonus wagneri. Mammalian Species 259:1-5.
  • Mayer, J., R. Wetzel. 1986. Mammalian Species No. 259. The American Society of Mammalogists.
  • McDonald, G. ""Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument Pearce's Peccary Platygonus pearcei" (On-line). Accessed December 10, 1999 at
  • NOVA, Accessed December 10, 1999 at
  • Nowak, R. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World Vol. 2, 6th Edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Oliver, W. 1993. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan for: Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
  • Oliver, W. L. R. 1993. Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos, Status Survery and Conservation Action Plan. Iucn, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Parker, S. 1990. Grimzek's Encyclopedia of Mammals Vol. 5. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Sowls, L. 1997. Javelinas and other Peccaries: Their Biology, Management, and Use: Second Edition. Arizona: Texas A & M University Press.
  • Sowls, L. K. 1997. Javelinas and other Peccaries. Thier Biology, Management and Use, Texas A&M University Press.
  • Wetzel, R. M. 1977. The chacoan peccary, Catagonus wagneri. Bulletin of the Carnegie Museum of Natural History. 3:1-36.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204


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