Data about <i>Moschus moschiferus</i>

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Distribution

 
geographic range (size of area)
Additional detail
8,554,234.6 km²
PanTHERIA  
 
longitude median
  • longitude
    Longitude is a geographic position that refers to the angle east or west of a reference meridian between the two geographical poles to another meridian that passes through an arbitrary point.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318
Additional detail
124.87 decimal degrees
PanTHERIA  
 
longitude min
  • longitude
    Longitude is a geographic position that refers to the angle east or west of a reference meridian between the two geographical poles to another meridian that passes through an arbitrary point.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318
Additional detail
83.41 decimal degrees
PanTHERIA  
 
longitude max
  • longitude
    Longitude is a geographic position that refers to the angle east or west of a reference meridian between the two geographical poles to another meridian that passes through an arbitrary point.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318
Additional detail
166.34 decimal degrees
PanTHERIA  
 
latitude median
Additional detail
53.39 decimal degrees
PanTHERIA  
 
latitude min
Additional detail
34.28 decimal degrees
PanTHERIA  
 
latitude max
Additional detail
72.5 decimal degrees
PanTHERIA  
 
geographic distribution includes
Additional detail
Altai alpine meadow and tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Altai montane forest and forest steppe
  • Altai montane forest and forest steppe
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Altai_montane_forest_and_forest_steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Altai steppe and semi-desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Amur meadow steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Bering tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central Korean deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Changbai Mountains mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests
  • Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Da_Hinggan-Dzhagdy_Mountains_conifer_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Daurian forest steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
East Siberian taiga
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Junggar Basin semi-desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Kazakh forest steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Manchurian mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Nenjiang River grassland
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests
  • Northeast China Plain deciduous forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Northeast_China_Plain_deciduous_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northeast Siberian taiga
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Palearctic
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sakhalin Island taiga
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sayan Intermontane steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sayan montane conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
South Siberian forest steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southern Korea evergreen forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows
  • Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Suiphun-Khanka_meadows_and_forest_meadows
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Taimyr-Central Siberian tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Trans-Baikal conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
West Siberian taiga
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  

Physical Description

 
body length (VT) average
Additional detail
899.99 mm adult
PanTHERIA  
 
body mass average
Additional detail
12,500 g
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
13,000 g
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
4.11 log10 grams
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
13,315.57 g adult
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
498.39 g newborn animal
PanTHERIA  
 
weight
Additional detail
10,000 g adult
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
458.75 g neonate stage
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

 
trophic level
Additional detail
herbivore
  • herbivore
    animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material
    http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q59099
MammalDiet  
Additional detail
herbivore
  • herbivore
    An animal that eats mainly plants or parts of plants.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Primary__Herbivore
PanTHERIA  
 
primary diet
Additional detail
leaves
  • leaves
    leaf: A phyllome (PO:0006001) that is not associated with a reproductive structure.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0025034
MammalDiet  
Additional detail
leaves of herbaceous plants
See original source  
  • source missing
Additional detail
leaves of herbaceous plants
MammalDiet  
Additional detail
plants
MammalDiet  
 
habitat
Additional detail
arboreal habitat
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
inland cliff
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
Large river biome
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marsh
  • marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mount
  • mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mountain
  • mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mountain
  • mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mountain range
  • mountain range
    A series of connected and aligned mountains or mountain ridges.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000080
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mountain range
  • mountain range
    A series of connected and aligned mountains or mountain ridges.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000080
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
peninsula
  • peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
plateau
  • plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
rock
  • rock
    A mass of the mineral material of the crust of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001995
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
slope
  • slope
    The part of an elevation or depression between the relatively flat surrounding area and the peak of a mount or the bottom of a depression.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002000
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
stream
  • stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail
valley
  • valley
    A depression caused by erosion by water or ice. Low-lying land bordered by higher ground; especially elongate, relatively large gently sloping depressions of the Earth's surface, commonly situated between two mountains or between ranges of hills or mountains, and often containing a stream with an outlet.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000100
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
 
habitat includes
Additional detail
Boreal Forests (Taiga)
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
  • Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/temperate_broadleaf_and_mixed_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Temperate Coniferous Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
  • Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/temperate_grasslands_savannas_and_shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
 
precipitation in geographic range mean
Additional detail
31.16 millimeters per month
PanTHERIA  
 
temperature in geographic range mean
Additional detail
-83.8 0.1°C
PanTHERIA  
 
actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
  • actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly AET (Actual Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AETinRange
Additional detail
317.71 millimeters per month
PanTHERIA  
 
potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
  • potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly PET (Potential Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is a representation of the environmental demand for evapotranspiration and represents the evapotranspiration rate of a short green crop, completely shading the ground, of uniform height and with adequate water status in the soil profile. It is a reflection of the energy available to evaporate water, and of the wind available to transport the water vapour from the ground up into the lower atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PETinRange
Additional detail
367.73 millimeters per month
PanTHERIA  
 
diet breadth
Additional detail
3
PanTHERIA  

Life History and Behavior

 
parental care
Additional detail
No Paternal Care
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
 
home range average
Additional detail
0.13 km²
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
0.45 km²
PanTHERIA  
 
clutch/brood/litter size average
Additional detail
1.49
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
1.74
PanTHERIA  
 
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail
1.5
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
behavioral circadian rhythm
Additional detail
nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
  • nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    An organism that is nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/activityCycleOther
PanTHERIA  
 
onset of fertility
Additional detail
473 days female
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
onset of fertility average
Additional detail
486.66 days
PanTHERIA  
 
age at first reproduction average
Additional detail
15.54 months
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
 
gestation period duration average
Additional detail
175.92 days
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
5.33 months
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
 
litters per year average
Additional detail
1 female
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
1
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
 
litters per year
Additional detail
1 per year
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
population group size average
Additional detail
1
PanTHERIA  
 
social group size average
  • social group size
    Number of individuals in a group that spends the majority of their time in a 24 hour cycle together where there is some indication that these individuals form a social cohesive unit.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SocialGroupSize
Additional detail
1
PanTHERIA  
 
weaning age average
Additional detail
3.5 months
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
47.14 days
PanTHERIA  
 
weaning age
Additional detail
106 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
prenatal development duration
  • prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Additional detail
162 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
life span max
Additional detail
144 months
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
 
Mating System
Additional detail
Not Monogamous
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
 
Social System
  • Social System
    Description of the relationships among individuals within a population of organisms, including reproductive relationships (mating system), relationships within each sex, adult – young interactions, helpers and cooperation (group living).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SocialSystem
Additional detail
No Social Group Living
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
Solitary
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  

Evolution and Systematics

 
first appearance (older bound)
Additional detail
2.59 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
first appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail
0.0117 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
last appearance (older bound)
Additional detail
0.13 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
last appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail
0.0117 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  

Conservation

 
population trend
Additional detail
Decreasing
IUCN  
 
conservation status
Additional detail
vulnerable
  • vulnerable
    A taxon is Vulnerable when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Vulnerable, and it is therefore considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/vulnerable
IUCN  
 
human population density mean
Additional detail
20.86 individuals per square kilometer
PanTHERIA  
 
human population density change mean
Additional detail
-0.02
PanTHERIA  
 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
The Paleobiology Database  
Additional detail
extant
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  

Database and Repository Coverage

 
type specimen repository
Additional detail
National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM) unknown
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections