The most northerly record is at 15° 20'N (Steinmetz and Simcharoen 2006). The record at 17° 54'N (Humphrey and Bain 1990) in northern-central Thailand is probably erroneous (Steinmetz and Simcharoen 2006). On the basis of portrayal in picture-guides alone, this species can be readily confused with spotted linsang.
Western Malaysia, Sumatra, Bornea, Java, Thailand, and Indonesia.
Biogeographic Regions: oriental (Native )
The body of the banded linsang is 40 cm long, and the tail is about 34 cm. Banded linsangs are very pale yellow with five large transverse dark bands on their backs. They have broad stripes on their necks with small elongate spots and stripes on their flanks. The tail has seven or eight dark bands and ends in a dark tip. Banded linsangs have retractile claws which are very sharp, and have specialized razor-sharp teeth for shearing their food. The soles of their feet have hair between the pads and their toes. (Cincinatti Zoo, 1997)
Average mass: 700 g.
Habitat and Ecology
It is nocturnal and generally arboreal, though it does come to the ground in search of food; its diet consists of birds, tree rats, snakes, and any other small animal it can catch (Lekagul and McNeely 1977; Van Rompaey pers. comm.). An analysis of stomach contents by Lim (1973) indicates that this species hunts mostly in disturbed forests and forest edge habitats (Lekagul and McNeely 1977). According to Lim (1973) it may respond favorably to secondary growth and ecotonal habitats. It is found in primary and secondary forest, plus fringe and occasionally human inhabitated areas (Van Rompaey pers. comm.). It breeds in February and August, with litters of two young (Nowak, 1999). It has lived up to ten years and eight months in captivity (Jones, 1982). This species was recorded from primary lowland rainforest in Mount Kinabulu National Park by Wells et al (2005). It was recorded in disturbed habitat in Malaysia by Ratnam et al (1995).
In northeastern Peninsular Malaysia and in Sarawak, it is found in secondary forest, including forest adjacent to palm plantations (Azlan pers. comm.).
Banded linsangs live in tropical rainforests. They spend a large portion of their time in the trees.
Terrestrial Biomes: rainforest
Banded linsangs are omnivorous. A main part of their diet consists of small vertebrates such as squirrels, rats, birds and lizards. (LA Natural History Museum, 1997)
Life History and Behavior
Status: captivity: 10.0 years.
Status: captivity: 10.7 years.
Lifespan, longevity, and ageing
Very little is known about these animals' reproduction behavior.
Average birth mass: 40 g.
Average number of offspring: 2.25.
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- 1996Lower Risk/least concern
CITES Appendix II.
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: least concern
In Myanmar, it is known from only two individuals recorded in 1878 by Blanford (Van Rompaey pers. comm.), also from 5 recent records in southern Myanmar (Than Zaw et al. in press); the records included presence at all surveyd sites within its historical range. It is considered rare and localized in Thailand (Chasen, 1940; Ellerman and Morrison-Scott, 1961; Davis, 1962; Lim, 1973; Lekagul and McNeely 1977, Steinmetz and Simcharoen 2006). In Peninsular Malaysia it is widespread at all elevations but is nowhere common (Medway, 1969), two years of camera trapping revealed only a single photo in Taman Negara National Park (Kawanishi and Sunquist 2004), partly because it is small and semi-arboreal, making it difficult to capture on camera. Morphs may be confused with other species (Azlan 2006). On Java, this species is considered rare (or difficult to observe) by Bartels (1941). On Borneo, it is also infrequently recorded (Medway, 1965; Payne et al, 1985). In Sumatra (Holden 2006), it was photo trapped infrequently, but this is not indicative of rarity. In summary, throughout its range, it is widespread, but due to its small size and semi arboreal nature, it has been infrequently recorded, and thus its population status is difficult to assess.
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems
Economic Importance for Humans: Negative
Economic Importance for Humans: Positive
Potentially important as an attraction to ecotourism. The Banded Linsang is found in many parks and reserves throughout Thailand, and they could be a draw for wildlife observers.
The banded linsang (Prionodon linsang) is a linsang found in South Asia. It is considered widespread throughout its range, but due to its small size and semi-arboreal nature, it has been infrequently recorded, and thus its population status is difficult to assess. It listed as Least Concern by IUCN.
The banded linsang has a long, slender body, short limbs, an elongated neck and head, and a long tail. The ground colour is dull, yellowish white. About four to six broad, irregular transverse brownish-black bands extend across the back, the last being narrow and broken, and tending to fuse with the first caudal ring. Two dark stripes extend from the forehead along the upper neck to the shoulders. Lesser striping and spots appear on the lower neck, flanks, and legs. The cylindrical tail has seven to nine complete, dark rings, separated by narrow white rings; the top of the tail is either light or dark coloured. Underparts and feet are uniformly pale coloured. The feet have five digits. The area across the pads is covered with hair. The claws are retractile. Measurements suggest that males are slightly larger than females. Females range in head-to-body-size from 37.9 to 45 cm (14.9 to 18 in) with a 33 to 36.5 cm (13 to 14.4 in) long tail, and weigh 608 to 798 g (1.34 to 1.76 lb). Males measure 41 to 43.2 cm (16 to 17.0 in) in head to body with a 34 to 37.5 cm (13 to 14.8 in) long tail, and weigh 590 to 653 g (1.3 to 1.44 lb).
Distribution and habitat
The distribution of banded linsang is limited to southern Myanmar, southern Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and on the Indonesian islands of Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Bangka and Belitung. Its habitats include both primary and secondary forest plus fringe and occasionally human inhabited areas.
Ecology and behaviour
Banded linsangs are excellent climbers and can descend head first. They are considered to be largely arboreal but food remains, and the fact that they are often trapped on the ground indicate that they hunt both in the canopy and on the ground, even in disturbed forests and forest fringe habitats. They are nocturnal but may be active in day time.
Banded linsangs nest in hollows of dead trees on the forest floor, under the roots of large trees, or in holes in living trees above ground level. Females were found to be lactating in April and October. At Wassenaar Zoo two young were born in December 1968 that weighed 40 g (0.088 lb) at birth and doubled their weight by day 18. Their eyes only opened at 18 and 21 days. At the age of four months, they equaled their parents' size.
- Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 532–628. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=14000369.
- Duckworth, J. W. and Azlan, M. J. (2008). "Prionodon linsang". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/41705.
- Van Rompaey, H. (1993). The Banded Linsang, Prionodon linsang. Small Carnivore Conservation 9: 10–13.
- Lim, B. L. (1973). The Banded linsang and the Banded musang of West Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 26(3/4):105–111.
- Louwman, J. W. (1970). Breeding the Banded palm civet and the Banded linsang at Wassenaar Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook 10: 81–82.
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