Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Ranges from southern Cameroon, south of the Sanaga R., and Central African Republic and southwards in Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo Republic to southern Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Kenya, and possibly also Burundi. There are discontinuous populations in Tanzania, including the Udzungwa Mtns, the Uluguru Mtns, and the South Nguru Mtns (Rovero et al. 2006; Van Rompaey and Colyn in press). Gaubert et al. (2006) also give museum records from north of the Sanaga R., from several additional localities in Tanzania, as well as from two localities in south-eastern DR Congo (these are not mapped). Present on Zanzibar (Van Rompaey and Colyn 1998, Goldman and Winther-Hansen 2003). Recorded to 3,500 m on Mt. Elgon, Kenya (Kingdon 1977) and perhaps to elevations above 4,400 m in eastern DR Congo (Verschuren 1972).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Present in primary and secondary lowland, submontane and montane forests and gallery forests. Van Rompaey and Colyn (in press) give a summary of several of the habitats from which they have been recorded including wet forests in Kenya, high-altitude bamboo forest in the Udzungwa Mtns, and groundwater forest and coral rag thicket on Zanzibar.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Life History and Behavior

Life Expectancy

Lifespan, longevity, and ageing

Observations: Not much is known about the longevity of these animals, though they have been known to live at least 14.8 years in captivity (Richard Weigl 2005).
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Van Rompaey, H., Gaubert, P., De Luca, D., Rovero, F. & Hoffmann, M.

Reviewer/s
Duckworth, J.W. (Small Carnivore Red List Authority) and Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Least Concern as the species has a wide distribution range, is present in a variety of habitats, and appears to be common. It may be undergoing localized declines in some regions due to hunting and forest loss, especially in the Eastern Arc Mountains and Zanzibar.

History
  • 1996
    Lower Risk/least concern
    (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)
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Population

Population
Common. Charles-Dominique (1978) estimated the average density at 1/km². Kingdon (1977) noted that the species appeared to be particularly common at an altitude between 2,100 and 3,000 m asl on Mt Elgon, and it is also common in moist forests of the Udzungwa Mountains at altitudes of 300-1,800 m asl (De Luca and Mpunga 2002; F. Rovero pers. comm.).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats. However, they are common in bushmeat markets and the skins are used for wrist-bracelets and dancing hats, and for loin-cloths among both Mbuti and Ba’aka pygmies (Van Rompaey and Colyn in press).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Present in several protected areas across the range. Lowe’s Servaline Genet was rediscovered in the Udzungwa Mtns N.P. in south-central Tanzania after a gap of nearly 70 years (Brink et al. 2002, De Luca and Mpunga 2002). Subsequent recent records from other mountain blocks in the Eastern Arc Mountains (Rovero et al. 2006), and ecological niche modelling for the species (Gaubert et al. 2006), suggest that further survey work will show they are more widely distributed in the Eastern Arc Mountains.
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Wikipedia

Servaline genet

The servaline genet (Genetta servalina) is a species of carnivore of the family Viverridae, related to civets and linsangs. Like all genets, it appears outwardly feline, despite not being a close relative of the cat family.

Subspecies[edit]

A number of subspecies of servaline are recognised. These include:

  • Lowe's servaline genet (G. s. lowei). For many years this was only known from the type specimen, a single pelt collected in the Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania, in 1932. It was rediscovered during a live trapping survey in 2000, and made the news in 2002 when it was photo-trapped in Udzungwa for the first time. It has since been caught in camera traps in the Uluguru and Nguru ranges, raising the possibility that it is even more widely distributed in Tanzania's Eastern Arc Mountains.[2]

The endangered crested servaline genet (G. cristata) was also considered to be a subspecies of the Servaline Genet, but is now generally regarded as a valid species.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Van Rompaey, H., Gaubert, P., De Luca, D., Rovero, F. & Hoffmann, M. (2008). Genetta servalina. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 24 march 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern
  2. ^ Rovero, F., Doggart, N., Bowkett, A. & Burgess, N. (2006). "New Records for Lowe's Servaline Genet from the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania". Oryx 40 (2): 139. 
  3. ^ Goldman, H. V. & Winther-Hansen, J. (2003). "The Small Carnivores of Unguja: Results of a Photo-trapping Survey in Jozani Forest Reserve, Zanzibar, Tanzania". Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
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