Data about <i>Lutra lutra</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Lutra lutra</i>
Geographic range (area)
Additional detail 25,877,469.45 km^2 PanTHERIA  
  • Longitude
    Longitude is a geographic position that refers to the angle east or west of a reference meridian between the two geographical poles to another meridian that passes through an arbitrary point.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318
Longitude min
Additional detail -10.5 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail 155.48 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
median Additional detail 72.5 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail East North Atlantic World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail European waters (ERMS scope) World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Portuguese Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Spanish Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Latitude min
Additional detail -8.78 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
median Additional detail 27.69 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail 64.16 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude min
Additional detail 51.66 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 58.08 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude max
Additional detail -5.18 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail -9.88 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Lutra lutra</i>
Body length (VT) average
Additional detail 68.79 cm adult PanTHERIA  
Body mass
Additional detail 10.0 kg AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 284.99 g newborn animal PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 8.87 kg adult PanTHERIA  
Teat number average
Additional detail 6 PanTHERIA  
Weight
Additional detail 110.5 g neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 6.75 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Lutra lutra</i>
Habitat
Additional detail animal habitation
  • Animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail aquatic habitat Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail boulder
  • Boulder
    A piece of rock with a grain size above 300 millimetres in diameter. Smaller boulders are, at times, referred to as rocks or stones.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000243
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cave
  • Cave
    Naturally formed, subterranean open area or chamber.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000067
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail estuary
  • Estuary
    A semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000045
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fjord
  • Fjord
    A long and narrow sea inlet with high steeply sloped walled sides. A fjord is a landform created during a period of glaciation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000039
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • Freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail headwater
  • Headwater
    The upper part of a river system, denoting the upper basin and source streams of a river.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000153
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • Lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Large river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail low tide zone
  • Low tide zone
    The tidal zone that is mostly submerged, only being exposed at the point of low tide and for a longer period of time during extremely low tides.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000319
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine biome
  • Marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Additional detail marsh
  • Marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mountain
  • Mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mountain range
  • Mountain range
    A series of connected and aligned mountains or mountain ridges.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000080
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ocean
  • Ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peat swamp
  • Peat swamp
    Forested peatlands including both rain- and groundwater-fed types, commonly recorded in tropical regions with high rainfall. This type of peatland covers around 350,000 km2, primarily in south-east Asia but also occurring in the Everglades in Florida.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000189
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peninsula
  • Peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plateau
  • Plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pond
  • Pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail reservoir
  • Reservoir
    An artificial body of water, often contained by a dam, constructed for the purpose of water storage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000025
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail rice field Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river
  • River
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river bank
  • River bank
    The sloping margin of a river, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000143
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river bank
  • River bank
    The sloping margin of a river, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000143
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail rock
  • Rock
    A mass of the mineral material of the crust of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001995
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail scrubland
  • Scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shore
  • Shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream
  • Stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial biome
  • Terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail tributary
  • Tributary
    A stream or river which flows into another river (a parent river) or body of water but which may not flow directly into the sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000495
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tundra
  • Tundra
    Treeless, level, or gently rolling plains characteristic of arctic or subarctic regions, having a permanently frozen subsoil, and usually supporting low growing vegetation such as lichens, mosses, and stunted shrubs.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000112
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail watercourse Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wood Environments - EOL project  
Precipitation in geographic range mean
Additional detail 56.63 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
Trophic level
Additional detail Carnivore
  • Carnivore
    An animal that mainly eats meat.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Primary__Carnivore
PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Brown Trout GloBI  
Additional detail Bull Rout GloBI  
Additional detail European Eel GloBI  
Additional detail European Flounder GloBI  
Additional detail Gunnel GloBI  
Additional detail Viviparous Eelpout GloBI  
Feeds on
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Brown Trout GloBI  
Additional detail Brown Trout GloBI  
Additional detail Bull Rout GloBI  
Additional detail Bull Rout GloBI  
Additional detail European Eel GloBI  
Additional detail European Eel GloBI  
Additional detail European Flounder GloBI  
Additional detail European Flounder GloBI  
Additional detail Gunnel GloBI  
Additional detail Gunnel GloBI  
Additional detail Viviparous Eelpout GloBI  
Additional detail Viviparous Eelpout GloBI  
Habitat breadth
Additional detail 2 PanTHERIA  
Temperature in geographic range mean
Additional detail 5.03 degrees Celsius PanTHERIA  
  • Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly AET (Actual Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AETinRange
Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 507.32 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
  • Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly PET (Potential Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is a representation of the environmental demand for evapotranspiration and represents the evapotranspiration rate of a short green crop, completely shading the ground, of uniform height and with adequate water status in the soil profile. It is a reflection of the energy available to evaporate water, and of the wind available to transport the water vapour from the ground up into the lower atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PETinRange
Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 696.82 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail Afghan Toadhead Agama GloBI  
Additional detail Brown Trout GloBI  
Additional detail Bull Rout GloBI  
Additional detail European Eel GloBI  
Additional detail European Flounder GloBI  
Additional detail European Otter GloBI  
Additional detail European Otter GloBI  
Additional detail Gunnel GloBI  
Additional detail Paghman Mountain Salamander GloBI  
Additional detail Viviparous Eelpout GloBI  
Diet breadth
Additional detail 1 PanTHERIA  
Elevation min
Additional detail 20.1 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
mean Additional detail 492.7 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
median Additional detail 619.2 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
max Additional detail 865.9 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Lutra lutra</i>
Home range average
Additional detail 21.31 km^2 PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 25.48 km^2 PanTHERIA  
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 2 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 2.01 individuals PanTHERIA  
Behavioral circadian rhythm
Additional detail Nocturnal PanTHERIA  
Dispersal age average
Additional detail 238 days PanTHERIA  
Gestation period duration average
Additional detail 64.27 days PanTHERIA  
Inter-birth interval average
Additional detail 1.0 years female PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 1.0 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Litters per year average
Additional detail 1 female PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 1 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Total life span max
Additional detail 18.2 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
max Additional detail 22.0 years PanTHERIA  
Age at eye opening average
Additional detail 35.87 days PanTHERIA  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 1.5 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 1.5 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 1.92 years PanTHERIA  
Terrestriality
Additional detail fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
  • Fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
    An organism that spends most of its time on the ground or underground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/groundDwelling
PanTHERIA  
Weaning age average
Additional detail 100.8 days PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 55 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 61 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Evolution and Systematics

Data about <i>Lutra lutra</i>
First Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 2.59 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
First Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0.78 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Lutra lutra</i>
Metabolic rate average
Additional detail 4,005 mL/hr O2 PanTHERIA  
  • Basal metabolic rate
    Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy expended daily by humans and other animals at rest. Rest is defined as existing in a neutrally temperate environment while in the post-absorptive state.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/165109007
Basal metabolic rate
Additional detail 25.1 Watts AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Body temperature
    The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, temperature is measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2871-4249
Body temperature
Additional detail 38.1 degrees Celsius AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Lutra lutra</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  
Animal population density average
Additional detail 0.85 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Human population density mean
Additional detail 102.46 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Human population density change mean
Additional detail 0.03 PanTHERIA  
Extinction status
Additional detail extant The Paleobiology Database  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Lutra lutra</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail near threatened
  • Near threatened
    A taxon is Near Threatened when it has been evaluated against the criteria but does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable now, but is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nearThreatened
IUCN  

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