DistributionRead full entry
Range DescriptionThis species is widespread in desert and semi-desert regions of North Africa (north of 17N) from Morocco and Mauritania to Egypt and Somalia, in the mountains and fringes of the Sahara Desert (Cuzin and Lenain 2004, Cuzin 2013), including the Ahaggar mountains of Algeria, the Air Massif in Niger and regularly on the deposits created at the former lake margins of Greater Lake Chad in central Chad (T. Wacher pers. obs.). The only country for which there does not seem to be a definite published record is Mali, but it is very likely that they do occur. It is also thinly distributed across the Arabian Peninsula, being recorded from Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen (Mallon and Budd 2011). They range northwest to Israel and Jordanand then eastwards to Pakistan (68E; Cuzin and Lenain 2004). A record for Syria is the first confirmation of their presence in this country (Serra et al. 2007). Suspected historical expansion of distribution area is likely due to desertification, compensated by competition with the Red Fox due to new human settlements.It seems to avoid the extreme arid regions in the middle of the Sahara, being more abundant on the fringes, in mountain massifs and near oases.