IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)


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Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The species is extremely tolerant of a range of habitats, including mangrove and swamp forests, and can be found in agricultural areas near forest (secondary growth, secondary forest, and primary forest) (Thomas 1898; Fooden 1991, 1995; Rabor 1986; Goodman and Ingle 1993; Heaney et al. 1991; Rickart et al. 1993; Danielsen et al. 1994). On the Nicobars, M. f. umbrosus is found in mangroves and coastal forests dominated by Pandanus species (Molur et al. 2003). M. f. aureus is found in evergreen forests and coastal mangroves (Molur et al. 2003). The species has been reported as occurring to elevations of up to 1,000 m on Java, Borneo, and Sumatra (Indonesia), and up to 1,800 m in the Philippines (Heaney et al. 1998). On the mainland, it generally occurs at lower elevations: up to 700 m in Thailand, while in Cambodia and Viet Nam it generally occurs below 300 m. This species is semi-terrestrial, diurnal, and omnivorous (Molur et al. 2003).

  • Terrestrial


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© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN


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