The species is extremely tolerant of a range of habitats, including mangrove and swamp forests, and can be found in agricultural areas near forest (secondary growth, secondary forest, and primary forest) (Thomas 1898; Fooden 1991, 1995; Rabor 1986; Goodman and Ingle 1993; Heaney et al
. 1991; Rickart et al
. 1993; Danielsen et al
. 1994). On the Nicobars, M. f. umbrosus
is found in mangroves and coastal forests dominated by Pandanus
species (Molur et al
. 2003). M. f. aureus
is found in evergreen forests and coastal mangroves (Molur et al.
2003). The species has been reported as occurring to elevations of up to 1,000 m on Java, Borneo, and Sumatra (Indonesia), and up to 1,800 m in the Philippines (Heaney et al.
1998). On the mainland, it generally occurs at lower elevations: up to 700 m in Thailand, while in Cambodia and Viet Nam it generally occurs below 300 m. This species is semi-terrestrial, diurnal, and omnivorous (Molur et al