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BiologyVery little is understood about the social and reproductive behaviour of the insular single leaf bat (2). Females are known to give birth to single young, and pregnant individuals have been observed in January, March, April and July (2) (3). These nocturnal bats primarily feed on nectar, acting as pollinating agents in the process, but they also eat small fruits, with Piper plants being distinctly favoured (Piper spp.). The species has also been seen catching insects, and may rely heavily on insects during periods of drought when flowers and small fruits are sparse (2).