The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. IUCN Red List (June, 2008) http://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Shoshani, J., Goldman, C.A. and Thewissen, J.G.M. (1988) Orycteropus afer. Mammalian Species, 300: 1 - 8.
  • 3. Macdonald, D.W. (2006) The Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 4. CITES Species Identification Manual (July, 2008) External link.
  • 5. Nowak, R.M. (1999) Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland.
  • 6. Whittington-Jones, G.M. (2006) The role of aardvarks (Orycteropus afer) as ecosystem engineers in arid and semi-arid landscapes of South Africa. Thesis, Rhodes University.
  • Burton, J. A., and B. Pearson. 1987. Rare Mammals of the World, WIlliam Collins Sons & Co. ltd.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Fowler, M. E. 1986. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, London and Toronto.
  • Foy, Sally; Oxford Scientific Films. 1982. The Grand Design: Form and Colour in Animals. Lingfield, Surrey, U.K.: BLA Publishing Limited for J.M.Dent & Sons Ltd, Aldine House, London. 238 p.
  • Goldman, C. A. 1986. A review of the management of the Aardvark. International Zoo Yearbook 24/25:286-294.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Kingdon, J. 1997. The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.
  • Knöthig, J. 2005. "Biology of the Aardvark" (On-line). Accessed March 18, 2010 at
  • Lehmann, T. 2009. Phylogeny and systematics of Orycteropodidae (Mammalia, Tubulidentata). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 155: 649-702.
  • Lindsey, P., Cilliers, S., Griffin, M., Taylor, A., Lehmann, T. & Rathbun, G. (IUCN SSC Afrotheria Specialist Group) 2008. Orycteropus afer. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. . Downloaded on 28 August 2013.
  • Lovegrove, B. G. 2000. The Zoogeography of Mammalian Basal Metabolic Rate. American Naturalist 156:201-219.
  • McNab, B. K. 1984. Physiological Convergence Amongst Ant-Eating and Termite-Eating Mammals. Journal of Zoology 203:485-510.
  • Melton, D. A. 1976. The biology of aardvark (Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae). Mammal Review 6:75-88.
  • Mutlow, A., H. Mutlow. 2008. Caesarian section and neonatal care in the aardvark (orycteropus afer). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 39: 260-262.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Oxford University Press. 2009. "Oxford Reference Online" (On-line). A Dictionary of Zoology. Accessed March 26, 2010 at .
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Shoshani, J., C. A. Goldman, and J. G. M. Thewissen. 1988. Orycteropus afer. Mammalian Species 300:1-8.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Tabruce, R., R. Asher, T. Lehmann. 2008. Afrotherian mammals: a review of current data. Mammalia, 72: 2-14.
  • Taylor, W., J. Skinner. 2003. Activity patterns, home ranges and burrow use of aardvarks (orycteropus after) in Karoo. Journal of Zoology, 261: 291-297.
  • Taylor, W., P. Lindsey, J. Skinner. 2002. The feeding ecology of the aardvark Orycteropus afer. Journal of Arid Environments, 50: 135-152.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World


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