The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (August 2002) External link.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Schober, W. & Grimmberger, E. (1987) A guide to bats of Britain and Europe. Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited, London.
  • 3. Bats and the Law- a quick guide. Bat Conservation Trust (August 2002) External link.
  • 4. Morris. P. (1993) A Red Data Book for British Mammals. Mammal Society, Bristol.
  • 5. Bat Conservation Trust (August 2002) External link.
  • 6. Altringham, J. D. (1996) Bats: biology and behaviour. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 7. Macdonald, D.W. and Tattersall, F.T. (2001) Britain's mammals- the challenge for conservation. The Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Oxford University. External link.
  • Baron, G., H. Stephan, and H. D. Frahm. 1996. Comparative Neurobiology in Chiroptera. Volume 1. Macromorphology, brain structures, tables and atlases. Birkhauser Verlag., Basal.
  • Bogdanowicz, W. 1994. Myotis daubentoni. Mammalian Species 475:1-9.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Don E. Wilson and DeeAnn M. Reeder (eds.), Mammal Species of the World,Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition, 2005.
  • Eisentraut, M. 1950. Die Ernahrung der Fledermause. Zoologische Jahrbucher Jena 79:114-177.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Jones, G., and J. M. V. Rayner. 1991. Flight performance foraging tactics and echolocation in the trawling insectivorous bat Myotis adversus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Journal of Zoology 225:393-412.
  • Kirkegaard and Jorgensen (2001) The inner ear macular sensory epithelia of the Daubenton's bat. J Comp Neurol, 438:433-444.
  • Koopman, K. F. 1994. Chiroptera: J. Niethammer, H. Schliemann, and D. Starck, editors. Handbook of Zoology. Volume 8 Mammalia, Berlin and New York.
  • Norberg, U. M., and J. M. V. Rayner. 1987. Ecological morphology and flight in bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera): wing adaptations, flight performance, foraging strategy and echolocation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 316:335-427.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Pirlot, P., and H. Stephan. 1970. Encephalization in Chiroptera. Canadian Journal of Zoology 48:433-444.
  • Roer, H. 1995. 60 years of bat banding in Europe. Myotis 32-33:251-261.
  • Silva, M., and J. A. Downing. 1996. CRC Handbook of Mammalian Body Masses. CRC Press, New York, New York, USA.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Stephan, H., J. E. Nelson, and H. D. Frahm. 1981. Brain size comparison in Chiroptera. Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionforschung 19:195-222.
  • Webb, P. I., J. R. Speakman, and P. A. Racey. 1994. Post-prandial urine loss and its relation to ecology in brown long eared (Plectous auritius) and Daubenton's (Myotis daubentonii) bats (Chiroptera:Vespertilionidae). Journal of Zoology 233:165-173.
  • Whitaker, A. 1907. Notes on the breeding habits of bats. Naturalist 32:74-83.
  • Wilkinson and South (2002) Life history, ecology and longevity in bats. Aging Cell, 1:124-131.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204


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