The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • Arriaga, L., Espinoza, J. M., Aguilar, C., Gómez, L. & Loa, E. 2000. Regiones Terrestres Prioritarias de México. 1-609. CONABIO. México.
  • Baron, G., H. Stephan, and H. D. Frahm. 1996. Comparative Neurobiology in Chiroptera. Volume 1. Macromorphology, brain structures, tables and atlases. Birkhauser Verlag., Basal.
  • CITES. 2002. Convención sobre el Comercio Internacional de Especies Amenazadas de Fauna y Flora Silvestres. E.U.A. Consultado: 2002
  • Corbet, G.B. & J.E. Hill. 1991. A world list of mammalian species. Oxford University, London, England. 243 p..
  • Eisenberg, J. E., and K. H. Redford. 1999. Mammals of the Neotropics, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Hall, E.R..1981. Mammals of North America. Vols. 1 and 2. John Wiley, New York. 1175 p.
  • Hall, R. H. 1981. The Mammals of North America. 1:200-201. John Wiley and Sons. E.U.A.
  • Hall, R. H. 1981. The Mammals of North America. 1:200. John Wiley and Sons. E.U.A.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Hilton, T. C. 2000. 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species. 1-79. IUCN. Glanz, Suiza.
  • Koopman, K. F. 1994. Chiroptera: J. Niethammer, H. Schliemann, and D. Starck, editors. Handbook of Zoology. Volume 8 Mammalia, Berlin and New York.
  • LaVal, R. 1977. Notes on some Costa Rican bats. Brenesia 10-11: 77-83
  • LaVal, R. K. 1977. Notes on some Costa Rican bats. Brenesia. 10/11:77-83. Museo Nacional de Costa Rica. Costa Rica.
  • López, W. R. & López, J. J. 1998. Los mamíferos de México depositados en colecciones de Estados Unidos y Canadá. 1:109. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Unidad Iztapalapa. México.
  • Masera, O. R., Ordóñez, M. J. & Dirzo, R. 1997. Carbon emissions from Mexican forest: current situation and long-term scenarios. Climatic Change. 35:265-295. Kluwer Academic Publishers. E.U.A.
  • Medellín, R., Urbano, V. G., Sánchez, O., Téllez, G. G. & Arita, H. 1986. Notas sobre murciélagos del este de Chiapas. Southwestern Naturalist. 31(4):532-535
  • Mendoza, E. & Dirzo, R. 1999. Deforestation in Lacandonia (southeast Mexico): evidence for the declaration of the northernmost tropical hot-spot. Biodiversity and Conservation. 8(12):1621-1641
  • Myers, P. 1977. Patterns of reproduction of four species of vespertilionid bats in Paraguay. University of California Publications in Zoology 107:1-38.
  • Norberg, U. M., and J. M. V. Rayner. 1987. Ecological morphology and flight in bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera): wing adaptations, flight performance, foraging strategy and echolocation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 316:335-427.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World. 1:1-641. The John Hopkins University Press, E.U.A.
  • Nowak, R.M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. Fifth Edition. The John Hopkins University. Baltimore. 1362 p.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Reid, F. A. 1997. A Field Guide to the Mammals of Central America and Southeast México. 150-151. Oxford University Press. E.U.A.
  • Reid, F.. 1997. A FIELD GUIDE TO THE MAMMALS OF CENTRAL AMERICA & SOUTHEAST MEXICO. Oxford University Press, New York. 334 p.
  • Rodríguez, J. & F. Chinchilla. 1996. Lista de Mamíferos de Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 44(2): 877-890
  • Rzedowski, J. 1986. Vegetación de México. Limusa. México, D.F., 432 pp.
  • SEMARNAP. 1995. Reservas de la Biosfera y otras Areas naturales protegidas de México. 1-159. SEMARNAP/Instituto Nacional de Ecología/CONABIO. México, D.F.
  • SEMARNAT. 6/ Marzo/2002. Norma Oficial Mexicana NOM-059-ECOL-2001. Diario Oficial de la Federación. 1-81. México, D.F.
  • Silva, M., and J. A. Downing. 1996. CRC Handbook of Mammalian Body Masses. CRC Press, New York, New York, USA.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Timm, R., D. E. Wilson, B.Clauson, R. LaVal & C. Vaughan. 1989. Mammals of the La Selva-Braulio Carrillo complex, Costa Rica. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S.A.. North American Fauna 75. 162 p
  • Universidad de Costa Rica. s.f.. Catálogo de Mamíferos. Museo de Zoología, Escuela de Biología, Universidad de Costa Rica. s.d..
  • Whitaker, J. O. & Findley, J. S. 1980. Food eaten by some bats from Costa Rica and Panama. Journal of Mammalogy. 61(3):540-544
  • Whitaker, J.O. & J.S. Findley. 1980. Foods eaten by some bats from Costa Rica and Panamá. Journal of Mammalogy 61(3): 540-544.
  • Wilkinson, G. S., and G. F. McCracken. 2003. Bats and balls: sexual selection and sperm competition in the Chiroptera. Pages 128-155 in T. H. Kunz and M. B. Fenton, editors. Bat ecology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds.). 1993. Mammals Species of the World: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Second Edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington. 1.206 p.
  • Wilson, D.E. 1983. Checklist of Mammals. Pp. 443-448, In: D.H. Janzen (ed.). Costa Rican Natural History. University of Chicago Press. Chicago.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204


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