The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • Corbet, G.B. & J.E. Hill. 1991. A world list of mammalian species. Oxford University, London, England. 243 p..
  • Eisenberg, J. 1989. Mammals of the Neotropics. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Eisenberg, J. E. 1989. Mammals of the Neotropics, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA..
  • Fenton, M., L. Acharya, D. Audet, M. Hickey, C. Merriman. 1992. Phyllostomoid bats (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) as indicators of habitat disruption in the neotropics.. Biotropica, 24(3): 440-446.
  • Goodwin, G.C.. 1946. Mammals of Costa Rica. Bulletin of The American Museum of Natural History 87(5): 271-473
  • Hall, E.R..1981. Mammals of North America. Vols. 1 and 2. John Wiley, New York. 1175 p.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Hilje, L.. 1976. Relación entre las dimensiones de las extremidades y el tipo de alimentación en murciélagos. Brenesia (9): 41-50.
  • Koopman, K. F. 1994. Chiroptera: J. Niethammer, H. Schliemann, and D. Starck, editors. Handbook of Zoology. Volume 8 Mammalia, Berlin and New York.
  • Norberg, U. M., and J. M. V. Rayner. 1987. Ecological morphology and flight in bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera): wing adaptations, flight performance, foraging strategy and echolocation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 316:335-427.
  • Nowak, R. 1997. "Walker's Mammals of the World" (On-line). Accessed October 4, 2001 at
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Nowak, R.M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. Fifth Edition. The John Hopkins University. Baltimore. 1362 p.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Reid, F. 1997. A Field Guide to the Mammals of Central America and Southeast Mexico. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Reid, F.. 1997. A FIELD GUIDE TO THE MAMMALS OF CENTRAL AMERICA & SOUTHEAST MEXICO. Oxford University Press, New York. 334 p.
  • Silva, M., and J. A. Downing. 1996. CRC Handbook of Mammalian Body Masses. CRC Press, New York, New York, USA.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Snow, J., J. Knox Jones, Jr., W. Webster. 1980. Mammalian Species, No.138. New York: The American Society of Mammologists.
  • Universidad de Costa Rica. s.f.. Catálogo de Mamíferos. Museo de Zoología, Escuela de Biología, Universidad de Costa Rica. s.d..
  • Wilkinson, G. S., and G. F. McCracken. 2003. Bats and balls: sexual selection and sperm competition in the Chiroptera. Pages 128-155 in T. H. Kunz and M. B. Fenton, editors. Bat ecology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds.). 1993. Mammals Species of the World: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Second Edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington. 1.206 p.
  • Wilson, D.E. 1983. Checklist of Mammals. Pp. 443-448, In: D.H. Janzen (ed.). Costa Rican Natural History. University of Chicago Press. Chicago.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204


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