The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1979. Echolocation and obstacle avoidance in the hipposiderid bat Asellia tridens . Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology, Volume 131, Number 2: 161-167.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2006. "African Wildlife Foundation" (On-line). African Wildlife Foundation. Accessed March 20, 2006 at
  • Anderson, K. 1918. Diagnoses of new bats of the families Rhinolophidae and Megadermatidae. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Zoology, Botany and Geology 9:374-384.
  • Baron, G., H. Stephan, and H. D. Frahm. 1996. Comparative Neurobiology in Chiroptera. Volume 1. Macromorphology, brain structures, tables and atlases. Birkhauser Verlag., Basal.
  • Corbet, G. B., and J. E. Hill. 1992. The Mammals of the Indomalayan Region: A Systematic Review. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Fergusun, W. 2002. Mammals of Israel. Hewlett, NY: Gefen Publishers.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Hoath, R. 2003. A Field Guide to Mammals of Egypt. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press.
  • Jones, G., M. Morton, P. M. Hughes, and R. M. Budden. 1993. Echolocation flight morphology and foraging strategies of some west african hipposiderid bats. Journal of Zoology 230:385-400.
  • Koopman, K. F. 1994. Chiroptera: J. Niethammer, H. Schliemann, and D. Starck, editors. Handbook of Zoology. Volume 8 Mammalia, Berlin and New York.
  • M., Basuony., F. Gilbert., & S. Zalat.   (2010).  Mammals of Egypt: Atlas, Red Data Listing & Conservation, Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs, Cairo..  
  • Madkour, G. 1977. Ear ossicles and tympanic bone of some Egyptian bats (Microchiroptera). Zoologischer Anzeiger 198:263-268.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Pint, J., S. Pint. 2005. "Saudi Bats" (On-line). Accessed March 17, 2006 at
  • Qumsiyeh, M. 1996. Mammals of the Holy Land. Texas Tech University: Lubbock : Texas Tech University Press.
  • Qumsiyeh, M., Z. Amr, R. Al-Oran. 1991. Family Hipposideridae Leaf-Nosed Bats Genus Asellia. Turkish Journal of Zoology, Volume 22, Issue 4: 279. Accessed March 17, 2006 at
  • Roberts, C. 2006. "Hipposideros commersoni" (On-line). Animal Diversity Web. Accessed March 20, 2006 at
  • Silva, M., and J. A. Downing. 1996. CRC Handbook of Mammalian Body Masses. CRC Press, New York, New York, USA.
  • Simmons, Nancy B. / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Order Chiroptera. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 312-529
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Stephan, H., J. E. Nelson, and H. D. Frahm. 1981. Brain size comparison in Chiroptera. Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionforschung 19:195-222.
  • Weber, N. 1955. Notes on Iraq Insectivora and Chiroptera. Journal of Mammalogy, Vol 36. No1: pp. 123-126. Accessed March 17, 2006 at
  • Whitaker Jr., J. 2002. The diet of some insectivorous bats from northern Israel. Mammalian Biology, Volume 67, Number 6: 378-380. Accessed March 17, 2006 at;jsessionid=41ii53pkh7iad.alice.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Yom-Tov, Y., D. Makin, and B. Shalmon. 1992. The insectivorous bats (Microchiroptera) of the dead sea area Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 38:125-137.
  • Yom-Tov, Y., R. Kadmon. 1998. Insectivorous bats in Israel. Diversity and Distribution, Volume 1: 63-70.


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