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Glauconycteris superba Hayman, 1939, the Pied or Superb Butterfly Bat, is one of the most spectacularly coloured bats found in Africa. It is the largest species of the genus and characterised by black wings and a predominantly black pelage, which is strikingly marked with white spots and stripes on the head, back and belly.
Despite this unique and conspicuous colouration, only two additional specimens had been collected since its discovery in 1938 in Pawa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): one on 6 Dec. 1946 in Oda, southern Ghana (and designated as type of Glauconycteris superba sheila Hayman, 1947), and one on 24 Jan. 1972 in Matonguiné [sometimes spelled as Matongouiné], southwestern Ivory Coast (Fahr 2013). In this paper we report on a fourth specimen, constituting the rediscovery of this species after 40 years since the last record, present data on its morphology and distribution, characterize climatic and land cover conditions at the collection sites, and discuss the taxonomy and conservation status of G. superba.