The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • Aguilera, M. M. 1999. Population ecology of Proechimys guairae (Rodentia:Echimyidae). Journal of Mammalogy 80:487-498.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • Emmons, L. H. 1990. Neotropical Rainforest Animals. University of Chicago Press, London.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Kiltie, R. A. 1982. Intraspecific Variation in the Mammalian Gestation Period. Journal of Mammalogy 63:646-652.
  • Kleiman, D. G., Eisenberg J. F., and M. E. 1978. Reproductive parameters and productivity of caviomorph D. C. Washington, editor. Vertebrate ecology in the northern neotropics. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • O'Connell, M. A. 1989. Population-Dynamics of Neotropical Small Mammals in Seasonal Habitats. Journal of Mammalogy 70:532-548.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Roberts, M. S., K. V. Thompson, and J. A. Cranford. 1988. Reproduction and Growth in Captive Punare (Thrichomys apereoides Rodentia, Echimyidae) of the Brazilian Caatinga with Reference to the Reproductive Strategies of the Echimyidae. Journal of Mammalogy 69:542-551.
  • Ronald Nowak (1999) Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Type: Thomas, O. 1901 Apr 02. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 14: 27.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing


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