Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species occurs in the Pacific lowlands of southwest Ecuador and northwest Peru (Woods and Kilpatrick, 2005). It has an altitudinal range of 5 to 800 m asl. in Ecuador.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This rat is nocturnal, terrestrial and solitary. It occurs in dry lowland forest (C. Boada pers. comm.).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
VU
Vulnerable

Red List Criteria
A2c

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Boada, C. & Tirira, D.

Reviewer/s
Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is listed as Vulnerable because of a population decline, estimated to be more than 30% over the last 10 years, inferred from an estimated 80% past reduction in suitable habitat. This species is a specialist of dry forest, only 20% remains and destruction is continuing particularly in the south.
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Population

Population
In Ecuador this species is uncommon (D. Tirira pers. comm.); there is no information on its abundance in Peru.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
The major threat to this species is deforestation especially in the southern part of its range; introduced goats are causing destruction of low vegetation leading to erosion. Probably 20% of its habitat remains (C. Boada pers. comm.).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species occurs in three protected areas in the north of its range.
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Wikipedia

Pacific spiny rat

The Pacific Spiny-rat (Proechimys decumanus) is a species of rodent in the Echimyidae family. It is found in Ecuador and Peru.

References

  1. ^ Boada, C. & Tirira, D. (2008). Proechimys decumanus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
  • Woods, C. A. and C. W. Kilpatrick. 2005. Hystricognathi. Pp 1538-1600 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference 3rd ed. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C.
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