Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species occurs in the western Amazonia from southern Colombia, eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and the headwaters Region of the Río Jurua, west Brazil (Patton et al., 2000; Woods and Kilpatrick, 2005). Its range also extends up to southern Colombia to the Río Caqueta, including the Amazon at Iquitos, Colombia (Patton, 1987, Patton et al. 2000). This species reaches 500 m asl at the base of the Andes.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This rat has been recorded in terra firme forest, including naturally disturbed forest with either high density of bamboo or in second growth. It is commonly found in disturbed second growth forests, active and abandoned cultivated plots and various edge habitats. It is less frequently found in forest that floods occasionally, not seasonally. This rodent has not been found in varzea forest (J. Patton pers. comm.). The modal litter size was 2 (range one to four). It is not known whether reproduction is seasonal or largely aseasonal in Brazil (Patton et al., 2000).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Gómez-Laverde, M., Patton, J. & Percequillo, A.

Reviewer/s
Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is listed as Least Concern in because of its wide distribution, presumed large population, occurrence in a number of protected areas, tolerance to some degree of habitat modification, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
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Population

Population
This rodent is common everywhere; there have been no population studies (J. Patton and M. Gómez-Laverde pers. comm.).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats at this time. This species does well in second growth and garden plots (J. Patton pers. comm.).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It is found in several protected areas including indigenous areas throughout its range (J. Patton pers. comm.). This rodent is eaten locally by indigenous people but only for subsistence (J. Patton pers. comm.). No conservation measures are needed for this species.
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Wikipedia

Short-tailed spiny rat

The Short-tailed Spiny-rat, Proechimys brevicauda, or Huallaga Spiny Rat, is a spiny rat species from South America. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.

References

  1. ^ Gómez-Laverde, M., Patton, J. & Percequillo, A. (2008). Proechimys brevicauda. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
  • Infonatura
  • Woods, C. A. and C. W. Kilpatrick. 2005. Hystricognathi. pp 1538–1600 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference 3rd ed. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C.


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