Overview

Distribution

Range Description

The species current found in Peninsular Malaysia (Wells, 1989; Malaysia Carnivore Project, 2006), Borneo (Nozaki et al. 1994; Hon, pers comm.), Brunei (Belden et al. 2007) and Palawan (Heaney et al. 1998), Singapore, Brunei, and the Philippine Islands (Palawan, Busuanga and Calamian islands), (Medway, 1967; Corbet and Hill, 1992; Heaney et al., 1998; Van Rompaey 2000; Wozencraft, 2005). It is incorrectly listed as occurring in Viet Nam by Wozencraft (2005) (S. Roberton pers. comm.). A specimen in the AMNH from Trang, Thailand needs to be checked (Van Rompaey 2000). Payne et al. (1985) lists this species as occurring from sea level up to 1,500 m. Northern limit on the Malay peninsula is 4 to 5 degrees north (Wells 1989). The subspecies H. b. javanensis was described from a zoo specimen on Java, but there are no records from the island (Van Rompaey 2000).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Little is known on ecology of this species. It is found near rivers, in lowland primary and secondary forest and in plantations (Payne et al., 1985; Rabor, 1986; Heaney et al., 1998). Payne et al. (1985) list this species as occurring from sea level up to 1,500 m.

It is likely to be found near rivers in the Philippines (Rabor, 1986; Heaney et al., 1998). On Borneo, it occurs in lowland primary and secondary forest, as well as plantations and in gardens (Payne et al., 1985). In Sarawak, this species occurs in acacia plantations within mosaic or patchy forest or peat swamp forest. It is widespread in the hills and lowlands, but occuring up to 1,280 m elevation in the Kelabit uplands in Sarawak (Medway 1965, 1977). However, in Penisular Malaysia, all records have been from elevations of less than 100 m in primary or regenerating evergreen forest (Wells 1989). The species is currently being studied in Wildife Krau Reverve in Peninsular Malaysia in order to obtain more information on its ecology (Jennings et al, in prep.; Malaysia Carnivore Project, 2006).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Life History and Behavior

Life Expectancy

Lifespan, longevity, and ageing

Observations: Little is known about the longevity of these animals, but one wild born specimen was still alive in captivity when about 8.9 years of age (Richard Weigl 2005).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Herpestes brachyurus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Widmann, P., Azlan J. & Hon, J.

Reviewer/s
Duckworth, J.W. (Small Carnivore Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is listed as Least Concern in because of its wide distribution, presumed large population, occurrence in a number of protected areas, tolerance to some degree of habitat modification, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It appears to be widespread and adaptable to different habitats but more survey work is needed as little is known about this species (especially in Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia). However further surveys on the population status and ecology of this species throughout the range are required (W. Duckworth and Widmann pers. comm.)
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Population

Population
The population status is poorly known. In the Philippines, this species is restricted to Palawan where it is quite rare (Widmann pers. comm). This species is widespread, and probably common, though its current status is poorly known (Heaney et al. 1998). Medway (1967) found that it was not common.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Major threats are unknown, though it is eaten in some parts of Sarawak and is locally considered a pest in agricultural areas.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It is protected in all of Malaysia and Indonesia. Field surveys, ecological studies and assessments of any possible threats are urgently needed.
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Wikipedia

Short-tailed mongoose

The short-tailed mongoose (Herpestes brachyurus) is a species of mongoose that lives in the rainforests of Southeast Asia.

The species is red-brown to black, with black limbs. The head is more grayish, with a black spot on the chin. This species has a total length of 60 to 65 cm (including tail) and a weight of about 1.4 kg. The tail is relatively short, about 25 cm.

The short-tailed mongoose is found in lowland rainforests of Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra and the Philippine islands Palawan and Busuanga. It is common in the neighbourhood of rivers and other bodies of waters. One of its subspecies is often considered a separate species instead, the Hose's mongoose.

References

  1. ^ Widmann, P., Azlan J. & Hon, J. (2008). Herpestes brachyurus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 22 March 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern
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