The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. IUCN Red List (February, 2005) http://www.redlist.orghttp://www.redlist.org External link.
  • 10. American Society of Primatologists: The ruffed lemur species survival plan (SSP); zoos and small population biology (November, 2003) http://www.asp.org/asp2002/abstractDisplay.cfm?abstractID=283&confEventID=264http://www.asp.org/asp2002/abstractDisplay.cfm?abstractID=283&confEventID=264 External link.
  • 11. Kremen, C. (2003) The Masoala Peninsula. In: Benstead, J.P. and Goodman, S.M. Eds. The Natural History of Madagascar. Chicago University Press, Chicago.
  • 12. Katz, A.S., Welch, C.R., Iambana, C.R. and Britt, A. (2003) Restocking of Varecia variegata variegata in the Reserve Naturelle Integrale de Betampona. In: Benstead, J.P. and Goodman, S.M. Eds. The Natural History of Madagascar. Chicago University Press, Chicago.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Garbutt, N. (1999) Mammals of Madagascar. Pica Press, East Sussex.
  • 2004. "Madagascar Fauna Group" (On-line). Accessed August 17, 2004 at http://www.savethelemur.org.
  • 3. Animal Info Website (October, 2003) http://www.animalinfo.org/species/primate/varevari.htmhttp://www.animalinfo.org/species/primate/varevari.htm External link.
  • 4. CITES (October, 2003) http://www.cites.orghttp://www.cites.org External link.
  • 5. Alden, P. (1995) Collins Guide to African Wildlife. Harper Collins Publishers, London.
  • 6. Macdonald, D. (2001) The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 7. Durrell Wildlife Foundation (October, 2003) http://www.durrellwildlife.org/upload/MainSite/Documents/pdfs/b&w%20ruffed%20lemur.pdfhttp://www.durrellwildlife.org/upload/MainSite/Documents/pdfs/b&w%20ruffed%20lemur.pdf External link.
  • 8. Nowak, R.M. (1997) Walker's Mammals of the World. The Johns Hopkins University Press, New York.
  • 9. Langrand, O., Nicoll, M.E., Konstant, R. and Mittermeier, W. (1992) Lemurs of Madagascar: An Action Plan for their Conservation. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • American Zoo and Aquarium Association. 1997. Ruffed Lemur. http://www.aza.org/aza/ssp/ruflemr.html
  • Barton, R. 1999. The evolutionary ecology of the primate brain. Pages 167-203 in P. C. Lee, editor. Comparative Primate Socioecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Black and White Ruffed Lemur. 1996. http://vygotsky.sfasu.edu/zoo/lemur.html
  • Burton, J. A., and B. Pearson. 1987. Rare Mammals of the World, WIlliam Collins Sons & Co. ltd.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Duke University Primate Center. 1997. Black and White Ruffed Lemur. http://www.duke.edu/web/primate/bascbiol.html#blackwhite
  • Eimerl, S. and I. DeVore, 1965. The Primates. Time-Life Books, New York: 24,25.
  • Emanoil, M. 1994. Encyclopedia of Endangered Species. Gale Research International, Detriot, London.
  • Ganzhorn, J. U. 1997. Test of Fox's assembly rule for functional groups in lemur communities in Madagascar. Journal of Zoology 241:533-542.
  • Garbutt, N. 1999. Mammals of Madagascar. Pica Press (Helm Information Ltd.), Robertsbridge, UK.
  • Harcourt, C., 1990. Lemurs of Madagascar. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, U.K.: 158-167.
  • Harcourt, C., and J. Thornback. 1990. Lemurs of Madagascar and the Cormoros: The IUCN Red Data Book. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Kappeler, P. M. 1997. Determinants of primate social organization: comparative evidence and new insights from Malagasy lemurs. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 72:111-151.
  • Kappeler, P. M. 1999. Lemur social structure and convergence in primate socioecology. Pages 273-300 in P. C. Lee, editor. Comparative Primate Socioecology. Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge, Cambridge.
  • Kappeler, P. M., and E. W. Heymann. 1996. Nonconvergence in the evolution of primate life history and socio-ecology. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 59:297-326.
  • Kappeler, P. M., and M. E. Pereira. 2003. Primate Life Histories and Socioecology. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, ILlinois, USA.
  • Kavanagh, M.,1984. A Complete Guide to Monkeys, Apes, and Other Primates. The Viking Press, New York: 41,42.
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Macdonald, D. 1984. Encyclopedia of Mammals. Facts on File Publications, NY.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Nowak, R.M. 1997. Walker's Mammals of the World. Fifth Edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. Online Version: http://www.press.jhu.edu/books/walker
  • Nowak, R.M., 1983. Walker's Mammals of the World. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London: 375-76.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Primate of the Week. 1996. Black and White Ruffed Lemur. http://www.selu.com:80/~bio/PrimateGallery/PrimateWeek/bw_ruffed/bw_ruffed_lemur.html
  • Purvis, A., J. L. Gittleman, G. Cowlishaw, and G. M. Mace. 2000. Predicting extinction risk in declining species. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 267:1947-1952.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Richard, A. F. 1987. Malagasy Prosimians: Female Dominance. Pages 25-33 in B. B. Smuts, D. L. Cheney, R. M. Seyfarth, R. W. Wrangham, and T. T. Struhsaker, editors. Primate Societies. University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London.
  • Ross, C. 1988. The Intrinsic Rate of Natural Increase and Reproductive Effort in Primates. Journal of Zoology 214:199-219.
  • Ross, C., and K. E. Jones. 1999. Socioecology and the evolution of primate reproductive rates. Pages 73-110 in P. C. Lee, editor. Comparative Primate Socioecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Santa Ana Zoo. Endangered Species. http://www.santaanazoo.org/tour/endangered.htm
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Smuts, B. B., D. L. Cheney, R. M. Seyfarth, R. W. Wrangham, and T. T. Struhsaker. 1987. Primate Societies. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Weckerly, F. W. 1998. Sexual-size dimorphism: Influence of mass and mating systems in the most dimorphic mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 79:33-52.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Wright, P. 1992. Primate ecology, rainforest conservation and economic development: building a national park in Madagascar. Evolutionary Anthropology 1:25-29.

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