The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. IUCN Red List (April, 2009) http://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 10. Lidicker Jr, W.Z. (1989) Rodents: A World Survey of Species of Conservation Concern. IUCN/SSC Rodent Specialist Group, IUCN, Gland. Available at External link.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Emmons, L.H. (1997) Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide. Second Edition. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • 2001. Capybara. Pp. 678-681 in D Macdonald, S Norris, eds. The Encyclopedia of Mammals, Vol. 1, 3 Edition. London: The Brown Reference Group.
  • 2002. Capybara. Pp. 382-384 in M Burton, R Burton, eds. International Wildlife Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, 3 Edition. Tarrytown, New York: Marshall Cavendish.
  • 2008. "IUCN Red List" (On-line). Accessed April 09, 2009 at
  • 2009. "Capybara" (On-line). Bristol Zoo Gardens. Accessed April 12, 2009 at
  • 3. Macdonald, D.W. (2006) The Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 4. Nowak, R.M. (1991) Walker's Mammals of the World. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London.
  • 5. Mones, A. and Ojasti, J. (1986) Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris. Mammalian Species, 264: 1 - 7.
  • 6. Burton, M. and Burton, R. (2002) International Wildlife Encyclopedia. Third Edition. Marshall Cavendish, New York.
  • 7. Kricher, J. (1997) A Neotropical Companion: An Introduction to the Animals, Plants, and Ecosystems of the New World Tropics. Second Edition, Revised and Expanded. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
  • 8. Wolff, J. and Sherman, P.W. (2007) Rodent Societies: An Ecological and Evolutionary Perspective. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • 9. Taylor, V.J. and Dunstone, N. (1996) The Exploitation of Mammal Populations. Chapman and Hall, London.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Chapman, C. A. 1991. Reproductive-Biology of Captive Capybaras. Journal of Mammalogy 72:206-208.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • Dunston, N., M. Gorman. 1998. Behavior and Ecology of Riparian Mammals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Eisenberg, J. E., and K. H. Redford. 1999. Mammals of the Neotropics, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Emmons, L. H. 1990. Neotropical Rainforest Animals. University of Chicago Press, London.
  • Grant, W. 2009. "Venezuela's Giant Rodent Cuisine" (On-line). BBC News. Accessed April 12, 2009 at
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Herrera, E. A. 1992. Growth and Dispersal of Capybaras (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris) in the Llanos of Venezuela. Journal of Zoology 228:307-316.
  • Herrera, E., D. Macdonald. 1989. Resource Utilization and Territoriality in Group-Living Capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris). Journal of Animal Ecology, 58:2: 667-679.
  • Herrera, E., D. Macdonald. 1993. Aggression, dominance, and mating success among capybara males. Behavior Ecology, 4: 2: 114-119.
  • Jose Moreira (1995) The Reproduction, Demography and Management of Capybaras (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris) on Marajo Island - Brazil. University of Oxford: Oxford.
  • Lovegrove, B. G. 2000. The Zoogeography of Mammalian Basal Metabolic Rate. American Naturalist 156:201-219.
  • MacDonald, D. W. 1981. Dwindling Resources and the Social-Behavior of Capybaras, (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) (Mammalia). Journal of Zoology 194:371-391.
  • Maldonado-Chaparro, A., D. Blumstein. 2008. Management implications of capybara social behavior. Biological Conservation, 141: 8: 1945-1952.
  • Mones, A., and J. Ojasti. 1986. Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris. Mammalian Species 264:1-7.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Ojasti, J. 1968. Notes on the mating behavior of the capybara. Journal of Mammalogy, 49: 3: 534-535.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Quintana, R. D., S. Monge, and A. I. Malvarez. 1998. Feeding patterns of capybara Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris (Rodentia, Hydrochaeridae) and cattle in the non-insular area of the lower Delta of the Parana river, Argentina. Mammalia 58:569-580.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Ronald Nowak (1999) Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Tomazzoni, A., E. Pedo, S. Hartz. 2005. Feeding associations between capybaras and birds in the Lami Biological Reserve. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 22:3: 712-716.
  • Type: Hollister, N. 1914 Mar 20. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 27: 58.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wolff, J., P. Sherman. 2007. Rodent Societies: An Ecological Monograph. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Zara, J. L. 1973. Breeding and husbandry of the capybara Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris at Evansville Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook 13:137-139.


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