The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2004. "Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species" (On-line). Accessed April 24, 2005 at
  • Geissmann, T., The Gibbon Network. 2005. "Fact Sheet: Yellow-Cheeked Crested Gibbon (Nomascus gabriellae)" (On-line). Accessed March 01, 2005 at
  • Gibbon Conservation Center, 2005. "About Gibbons" (On-line). Accessed March 05, 2005 at
  • Max Planck Institute of Evolutionary Anthropology, 2005. "Gibbons" (On-line). Accessed March 02, 2005 at
  • Mittermeier, Rusell A., Anthony B. Rylands, and Don E. Wilson, eds. 2013. Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Volume 3. Primates. 951
  • Nowak, R. 1999. Gibbons. Walker's Mammals of the World, Vol. 1, 6 Edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Smuts, B. B., D. L. Cheney, R. M. Seyfarth, R. W. Wrangham, and T. T. Struhsaker. 1987. Primate Societies. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 1. xxxv + 743
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!