Data about <i>Pongo pygmaeus</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Pongo pygmaeus</i>
Geographic range (area)
Additional detail 245,264.03 km^2 PanTHERIA  
  • Longitude
    Longitude is a geographic position that refers to the angle east or west of a reference meridian between the two geographical poles to another meridian that passes through an arbitrary point.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318
Longitude min
Additional detail 110.94 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
median Additional detail 114.15 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail 117.37 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
Latitude min
Additional detail -2.67 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
median Additional detail 1.33 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail 5.34 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Pongo pygmaeus</i>
Body length (VT)
Additional detail 1.06 m male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 1.07 m adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 1.15 m male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 1.41 m male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 27.7 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 35.0 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 53.5 cm Young, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
average Additional detail 89.0 cm adult PanTHERIA  
Body mass average
Additional detail 10.54 kg weanling PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 1.64 kg newborn animal PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 53.41 kg adult PanTHERIA  
Weight
Additional detail 45.36 kg female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 11.0 kg weanling AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 65.77 kg National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 1.74 kg neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 79.38 kg adult, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 1.82 kg female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 83.91 kg adult, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 90.72 kg male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 90.72 kg late adult stage, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 124.74 kg male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 12.7 kg Young, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 36.29 kg adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 2.72 kg male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 64.47 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 29.94 kg male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 31.75 kg young adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 32.66 kg adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 32.66 kg adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 34.02 kg male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 34.02 kg adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 34.47 kg young adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 82 kg male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 37.19 kg adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 38.1 kg female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 39.92 kg female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 4.08 kg juvenile, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Head-body length
Additional detail 68.0 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 71.4 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 72.0 cm young adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 73.5 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 74.0 cm young adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 74.5 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 75.5 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 77.0 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 77.0 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 78.5 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 78.5 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 80.5 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 85.0 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 95.7 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 96.8 cm adult, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 97.0 cm late adult stage, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Height standing
Additional detail 1.16 m adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 1.4 m adult, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
  • Outer ear length
    External ear (pinna) length is a standard measurement in mammalogy, usually measured in a living mammal or a fresh mammal carcass. External ear length is measured from the base of the notch at the bottom of the ear to the apex (highest point) of the ear.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/OuterEarLength
Outer ear length
Additional detail 2.7 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 3.0 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 3.0 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Hind tarsus length
Additional detail 10.1 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 12.5 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 20.5 cm Young, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 25.0 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 26.2 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 26.7 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 27.0 cm young adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 28.0 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 28.3 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 29.0 cm young adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 29.0 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 29.0 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 31.0 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 33.5 cm late adult stage, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 35.5 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 7.1 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  

Ecology

Data about <i>Pongo pygmaeus</i>
Habitat
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail animal habitation
  • Animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail arboreal habitat Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail hill
  • Hill
    A rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000083
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Large river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mount
  • Mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peat swamp
  • Peat swamp
    Forested peatlands including both rain- and groundwater-fed types, commonly recorded in tropical regions with high rainfall. This type of peatland covers around 350,000 km2, primarily in south-east Asia but also occurring in the Everglades in Florida.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000189
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plateau
  • Plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea
  • Sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail soil
  • Soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail swamp
  • Swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Precipitation in geographic range mean
Additional detail 258.7 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
Trophic level
Additional detail Omnivore
  • Omnivore
    An animal that mainly eats all kinds of things, including plants and animals.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Omnivore
PanTHERIA  
Habitat breadth
Additional detail 2 PanTHERIA  
Temperature in geographic range mean
Additional detail 23.77 degrees Celsius PanTHERIA  
  • Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly AET (Actual Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AETinRange
Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 1,676.64 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
  • Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly PET (Potential Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is a representation of the environmental demand for evapotranspiration and represents the evapotranspiration rate of a short green crop, completely shading the ground, of uniform height and with adequate water status in the soil profile. It is a reflection of the energy available to evaporate water, and of the wind available to transport the water vapour from the ground up into the lower atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PETinRange
Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 1,691.74 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
Diet breadth
Additional detail 5 PanTHERIA  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Pongo pygmaeus</i>
Home range average
Additional detail 3.88 km^2 PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 5.49 km^2 PanTHERIA  
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 1 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 1.07 individuals PanTHERIA  
Behavioral circadian rhythm
Additional detail diurnal PanTHERIA  
Age at first birth average
Additional detail 9.83 years female PanTHERIA  
Gestation period duration average
Additional detail 259.42 days PanTHERIA  
Inter-birth interval
Additional detail 3.87 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 5.5 years female PanTHERIA  
Litters per year
Additional detail 0.2 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
median Additional detail 0.46 PanTHERIA  
Total life span max
Additional detail 59 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
max Additional detail 60.0 years PanTHERIA  
Population group size average
Additional detail 1 individuals PanTHERIA  
  • Social group size
    Number of individuals in a group that spends the majority of their time in a 24 hour cycle together where there is some indication that these individuals form a social cohesive unit.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SocialGroupSize
Social group size average
Additional detail 1 individuals PanTHERIA  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 7.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 7.0 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 9.09 years PanTHERIA  
Terrestriality
Additional detail above ground dwelling
  • Above ground dwelling
    An organism that spends most of its time above ground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/aboveGroundDwelling
PanTHERIA  
Weaning age
Additional detail 2.75 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 2.98 years PanTHERIA  
Growth rate
Additional detail 0.0009 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 249 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Pongo pygmaeus</i>
Iucn red list category
Additional detail endangered
  • Endangered
    A taxon is Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Endangered, and it is therefore considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/endangered
IUCN  
Population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  
Animal population density average
Additional detail 2 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Human population density min
Additional detail 1 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
mean Additional detail 11.82 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
5th percentile Additional detail 4 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Human population density change mean
Additional detail 0.17 PanTHERIA  

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