Data about <i>Pongo pygmaeus</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search within Pongo pygmaeus.

Distribution

Data about <i>Pongo pygmaeus</i>
  • geographic range (area)
    The total extent of the geographic range of an organism.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/GeographicRangeArea
geographic range (area)
Additional detail 245,264.03 km^2 PanTHERIA  
  • longitude
    Longitude is a geographic position that refers to the angle east or west of a reference meridian between the two geographical poles to another meridian that passes through an arbitrary point.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318
longitude min
Additional detail 110.94 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
median Additional detail 114.15 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail 117.37 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
  • latitude
    Latitude is a geographic coordinate which refers to the angle from a point on the Earth's surface to the equatorial plane
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000319
latitude min
Additional detail -2.67 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
median Additional detail 1.33 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail 5.34 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Pongo pygmaeus</i>
  • body length (VT)
    The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the body of an organism.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001256
body length (VT)
Additional detail 1.06 m male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 1.07 m adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 1.15 m male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 1.41 m male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 27.7 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 35.0 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 53.5 cm Young, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
average Additional detail 89.0 cm adult PanTHERIA  
body mass average
Additional detail 10.54 kg weanling PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 1.64 kg newborn animal PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 53.41 kg adult PanTHERIA  
  • weight
    A physical quality inhering in a bearer that has mass near a gravitational body.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000128
weight
Additional detail 45.36 kg female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 11.0 kg weanling AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 65.77 kg National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 1.74 kg neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 79.38 kg adult, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 1.82 kg female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 83.91 kg adult, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 90.72 kg late adult stage, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 90.72 kg male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 124.74 kg male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 12.7 kg Young, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 36.29 kg adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 2.72 kg male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 64.47 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 29.94 kg male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 31.75 kg young adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 32.66 kg adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 32.66 kg adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 34.02 kg adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 34.02 kg male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 34.47 kg young adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 37.19 kg adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 82 kg male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 38.1 kg female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 39.92 kg female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 4.08 kg juvenile, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
  • head-body length
    Head-body length is the total length from tip of nose to anus, base of tail or vent (i.e. tail length is excluded).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HeadBodyLength
head-body length
Additional detail 68.0 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 71.4 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 72.0 cm young adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 73.5 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 74.0 cm young adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 74.5 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 75.5 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 77.0 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 77.0 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 78.5 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 78.5 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 80.5 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 85.0 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 95.7 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 96.8 cm adult, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 97.0 cm late adult stage, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
  • height standing
    The height when maintaining an erect upright position.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HeightStanding
height standing
Additional detail 1.16 m adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 1.4 m adult, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
  • outer ear length
    External ear (pinna) length is a standard measurement in mammalogy, usually measured in a living mammal or a fresh mammal carcass. External ear length is measured from the base of the notch at the bottom of the ear to the apex (highest point) of the ear.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/OuterEarLength
outer ear length
Additional detail 2.7 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 3.0 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 3.0 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
  • hind tarsus length
    The hind foot length, from heel to toe.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HindTarsusLength
hind tarsus length
Additional detail 10.1 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 12.5 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 20.5 cm Young, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 25.0 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 26.2 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 26.7 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 27.0 cm young adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 28.0 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 28.3 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 29.0 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 29.0 cm young adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 29.0 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 31.0 cm adult, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 33.5 cm late adult stage, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 35.5 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 7.1 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  

Ecology

Data about <i>Pongo pygmaeus</i>
  • habitat
    A category or description of the habitat in which the Event occurred.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/habitat
habitat
Additional detail administrative region Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail arboreal habitat Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail canopy Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail city Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail drainage basin
  • drainage basin
    A regions or area bounded by drainage divides and occupied by a drainage system; specifically the tract of country that gathers water originating as precipitation and contributes it to a particular stream channel or system of channels, or to a lake, reservoir, or other body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000291
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail garden
  • garden
    An enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000011
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Large river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mount
  • mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mountain
  • mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail national geopolitical entity
  • national geopolitical entity
    A political association with effective dominion over a geographic area.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000009
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail national park
  • national park
    A reserve of land, usually, but not always declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. National parks are a protected area of IUCN category II.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000367
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail national park
  • national park
    A reserve of land, usually, but not always declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. National parks are a protected area of IUCN category II.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000367
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail oil palm plantation Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peat swamp
  • peat swamp
    Forested peatlands including both rain- and groundwater-fed types, commonly recorded in tropical regions with high rainfall. This type of peatland covers around 350,000 km2, primarily in south-east Asia but also occurring in the Everglades in Florida.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000189
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peat swamp
  • peat swamp
    Forested peatlands including both rain- and groundwater-fed types, commonly recorded in tropical regions with high rainfall. This type of peatland covers around 350,000 km2, primarily in south-east Asia but also occurring in the Everglades in Florida.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000189
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plantation
  • plantation
    An intentional planting of a crop, on a large scale, usually for uses other than cereal production or pasture. The term is currently most often used for plantings of trees and shrubs. The term tends also to be used for plantings maintained on economic bases other than that of subsistence farming.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000117
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plateau
  • plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail protected area
  • protected area
    An area of land and/or a body of water especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and managed through legal or other effective means.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000358
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river
  • river
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail soil
  • soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail strait
  • strait
    A narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000394
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail subtropical moist broadleaf forest biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail swamp
  • swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail tropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail undersea feature Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wood Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail zoological garden
  • zoological garden
    A facility in which animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00010625
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail zoological garden
  • zoological garden
    A facility in which animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00010625
Environments - EOL project  
  • precipitation in geographic range
    Monthly precipitation within the geographic range of a taxon.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationInRange
precipitation in geographic range mean
Additional detail 258.7 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
  • trophic level
    The position an organism occupies in a food chain.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TrophicLevel
trophic level
Additional detail omnivore
  • omnivore
    An animal that mainly eats all kinds of things, including plants and animals.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Omnivore
PanTHERIA  
  • habitat breadth
    Number of habitat layers used by an organism
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HabitatBreadth
habitat breadth
Additional detail 2 PanTHERIA  
  • temperature in geographic range
    Monthly temperature within the geographic range of a taxon.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureInRange
temperature in geographic range mean
Additional detail 23.77 degrees Celsius PanTHERIA  
  • actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly AET (Actual Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AETinRange
actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 1,676.64 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
  • potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly PET (Potential Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is a representation of the environmental demand for evapotranspiration and represents the evapotranspiration rate of a short green crop, completely shading the ground, of uniform height and with adequate water status in the soil profile. It is a reflection of the energy available to evaporate water, and of the wind available to transport the water vapour from the ground up into the lower atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PETinRange
potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 1,691.74 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
  • diet breadth
    Number of dietary categories eaten by an organism.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/DietBreadth
diet breadth
Additional detail 5 PanTHERIA  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Pongo pygmaeus</i>
  • home range
    The area within which everyday activities of an animal are typically restricted
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Home_range
home range average
Additional detail 3.88 km^2 PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 5.49 km^2 PanTHERIA  
  • clutch/brood/litter size
    Single birth offspring quantity. The proportion or number of offspring produced from a single pregnancy (mammals) or ovulation (fish) or nesting (birds).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001933
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 1 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 1.07 individuals PanTHERIA  
  • behavioral circadian rhythm
    Any measurable or observable behavioral characteristic related to a daily biological activity cycle.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001502
behavioral circadian rhythm
Additional detail diurnal PanTHERIA  
  • age at first birth
    Age at which females give birth to their first litter, or their young attach to teats or hatch out
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtFirstBirth
age at first birth average
Additional detail 9.83 years female PanTHERIA  
  • gestation period duration
    The length of time between when a fertilized egg implants in the wall of the uterus and the birth of offspring.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0002292
gestation period duration average
Additional detail 259.42 days PanTHERIA  
  • inter-birth interval
    The length of time between successive births of a female.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/InterBirthInterval
inter-birth interval
Additional detail 3.87 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 5.5 years female PanTHERIA  
litters per year
Additional detail 0.2 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
median Additional detail 0.46 PanTHERIA  
  • total life span
    The full period of time from birth to death of an organism.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001661
total life span max
Additional detail 59 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
max Additional detail 60.0 years PanTHERIA  
  • population group size
    Number of individuals in a group that spends the majority of their time in a 24 hour cycle together
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PopulationGroupSize
population group size average
Additional detail 1 individuals PanTHERIA  
  • social group size
    Number of individuals in a group that spends the majority of their time in a 24 hour cycle together where there is some indication that these individuals form a social cohesive unit.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SocialGroupSize
social group size average
Additional detail 1 individuals PanTHERIA  
  • onset of fertility
    The age at which an organism develops the ability to produce live offspring.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0002683
onset of fertility
Additional detail 7.0 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 7.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 9.09 years PanTHERIA  
terrestriality
Additional detail above ground dwelling
  • above ground dwelling
    An organism that spends most of its time above ground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/aboveGroundDwelling
PanTHERIA  
  • weaning age
    Age when primary nutritional dependency on the mother ends and independent foraging begins to make a major contribution to the offspring’s energy requirements.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WeaningAge
weaning age
Additional detail 2.75 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 2.98 years PanTHERIA  
  • growth rate
    The rate of increase in the size of an organism per unit time.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/260865002
growth rate
Additional detail 0.0009 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
prenatal development duration
Additional detail 249 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Evolution and Systematics

Data about <i>Pongo pygmaeus</i>
  • first appearance (older bound)
    The older bound for the first appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_firstapp_ea
first appearance (older bound)
Additional detail 2.59 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
  • first appearance (younger bound)
    The younger bound for the first appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_firstapp_la
first appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail 0.13 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
  • last appearance (older bound)
    The older bound for the last appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_lastapp_ea
last appearance (older bound)
Additional detail 0.13 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
  • last appearance (younger bound)
    The younger bound for the last appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_lastapp_la
last appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  

Conservation

Data about <i>Pongo pygmaeus</i>
population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  
  • animal population density
    Number of animals in a population relative to space.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2383-1863
animal population density average
Additional detail 2 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
conservation status
Additional detail endangered
  • endangered
    A taxon is Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Endangered, and it is therefore considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/endangered
IUCN  
  • human population density
    The human population density within the geographic range of a taxon.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HumanPopulationDensity
human population density min
Additional detail 1 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
mean Additional detail 11.82 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
5th percentile Additional detail 4 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
  • human population density change
    Rate of increase in human population density within the geographic range of a species.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HumanPopulationDensityChange
human population density change mean
Additional detail 0.17 PanTHERIA  
  • extinction status
    Indicates whether a taxon is extant (living today) or extinct.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ExtinctionStatus
extinction status
Additional detail extant The Paleobiology Database  

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