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The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
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  • 4. Macdonald, D. (2001) The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
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  • 6. Animal Diversity Web (July, 2002) http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Pan_troglodytes.htmlhttp://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Pan_troglodytes.html External link.
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  • Lee, P. C. 1999. Comparative ecology of postnatal growth and weaning among haplorhine primates. Pages 111-139 in P. C. Lee, editor. Comparative Primate Socioecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
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  • Lion Country Safari (Online source)   http://www.lioncountrysafari.com/ External link.
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • McGrew, W. 1994. Overview- Diversity in Social Relations. Pp. 151-154 in R Wrangham, W McGrew, F deWaal, P Heltne, eds. Chimpanzee Cultures. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press in Cooperation with the Chicago Academy of Sciences.
  • McGrew, W. 1994. Tools Compared: The Material of Culture. Pp. 25-39 in R Wrangham, W McGrew, F deWaal, P Heltne, eds. Chimpanzee Cultures. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University PRess, in cooperation with The Chicago Academy of Sciences.
  • Mitani, J. 1994. Ethological Studies of Chimpanzee Vocal Behavior. Pp. 195-210 in Chimpanzee Cultures. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press in Cooperation with the Chicago Academy of Sciences.
  • Muroyama, Y., Y. Sugiyama. 1994. Grooming Relationships in Two Species of Cimpanzees. Pp. 169-180 in R Wrangham, W McGrew, F deWaal, eds. Chimpanzee Cultures. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press in Cooperation with the Chicago Academy of Sciences.
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  • Ross, C., and K. E. Jones. 1999. Socioecology and the evolution of primate reproductive rates. Pages 73-110 in P. C. Lee, editor. Comparative Primate Socioecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Rumbaugh, D., E. Savage-Rumbaugh, R. Sevcik. 1994. Behavioral Roots of Language: A Comparative Perspective of Chimpanzee, Child, and Culture. Pp. 319-334 in R Wrangham, W McGrew, F deWaal, P Heltne, eds. Chimpanzee Cultures. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press in Cooperation with the Chicago Academy of Sciences.
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  • Wrangham R; Nishida T. 1983. Aspilia spp. Leaves: A puzzle in the feeding behavior of wild chimpanzees. Primates. 24(2): 276-282.
  • de Magalhaes (2006) Species selection in comparative studies of aging and antiaging research. In: Handbook of Models for Human Aging (P. M. Conn (ed.)), pp. 9-20. Elsevier Academic Press: Burlington, MA.
  • deWaal, F. 1982. Chimpanzee Politics: Power and Sex among Apes. New York: Harper and Row.
  • deWaal, F. 1994. Overview- Culture and Cognition. Pp. 263-265 in R Wrangham, W McGrew, F deWaal, P Heltne, eds. Chimpanzee Cultures. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press in Cooperation with the Chicago Academy of Sciences.
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