Localities documented in Tropicos sources
United States (North America)
Colombia (South America)
Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
- Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2010. Fl. China 23: 1–515. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/100001734
- Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. 2011. Flora de Antioquia. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, vol. 2. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia. Pp. 1-939. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/100008595
- USDA, NRCS. 2007. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/100004579
adult of Donacia simplex grazes on leaf (surface) of Sparganium
Remarks: season: 3-9(-11)
Plant / resting place / on
adult of Donacia versicolorea may be found on leaf of Sparganium
Remarks: season: (5-)7-8(-10)
Foodplant / open feeder
adult of Donacia vulgaris grazes on leaf of Sparganium
In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / mobile cased feeder
larva of Nymphula stagnata grazes in mobile case on live, underwater leaf of Sparganium
Remarks: season: autumn, spring
Foodplant / miner
larva of Orthotelia sparganella mines live leaf of Sparganium
Remarks: season: spring+
Foodplant / feeds on
adult of Plateumaris affinis feeds on Sparganium
Remarks: season: 4-7(-9)
Plant / resting place / on
adult of Plateumaris sericea may be found on Sparganium
Remarks: season: (1-)6(-12)
Other: major host/prey
Foodplant / feeds on
larva of Thryogenes scirrhosus feeds on stem? of Sparganium
Based on studies in:
Finland (Lake or pond, Littoral)
This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
- J. Sarvala, Paarjarven energiatalous, Luonnon Tutkija 78:181-190, from p. 185.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
|Specimen Records:||67||Public Records:||36|
|Specimens with Sequences:||84||Public Species:||11|
|Specimens with Barcodes:||69||Public BINs:||0|
|Species With Barcodes:||14|
Locations of barcode samples
Sparganium (Bur-reed) is a genus of flowering plants, containing about 20 species in temperate regions of both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. It was previously placed alone in the family Sparganiaceae. The plants are perennial marsh plants that can grow to 3.5 m (depending on the species), with epicene flowers.
The Sparganiaceae are closely related to the Typhaceae and the APG III system (2009) includes Sparganium in that family. It has been determined from phylogenetic analysis to be the closest living relative of the genus Typha (cat-tail).
Summary[edit source | edit]
Sparganium, commonly known as the bur-reed, is a genus of aquatic plants of shallow marshes, ponds and streams. There are 9 species found in the United States and Canada. The stem, which may be floating or emergent, emerges from a buried rhizome, which like many wetland plants, is dependent upon aerenchyma to transport oxygen to the rooting zone. The leaves are strap-like. The flowers are borne in spherical heads, which bear either male or female flowers. The seeds may accumulate in the soil as dense seed banks, which allow the plants to regenerate during low water periods.
Sparganium is an important component of aquatic and marsh vegetation in temperate to arctic regions. It provides food and cover for wildlife and waterfowl.
The genus name Sparganium was published by Linnaeus in Species Plantarum (1753), with two species recognized: S. erectum, and S. natans.
Perhaps the first mention of Sparganium in the English language was made by William Turner (1562). Turner noted that there was no name for the plants in English, and suggested bede sedge or knop sedge. Further, he noted, "the virtues of Sparganium: The roote is good to be geven wyth wyne agaynste the poyson of serpentes."
Taxonomy[edit source | edit]
Species[edit source | edit]
- Sparganium americanum
- Sparganium androcladum
- Sparganium angustifolium
- Sparganium antipodum
- Sparganium emersum
- Sparganium erectum
- Sparganium eurycarpum
- Sparganium fallax
- Sparganium fluctuans
- Sparganium glomeratum
- Sparganium gramineum
- Sparganium hyperboreum
- Sparganium japonicum
- Sparganium minimum
- Sparganium natans
- Sparganium ramosum
- Sparganium stenophyllum
- Sparganium stoloniferum
- Sparganium subglobosum
References[edit source | edit]
- Kaul, RB 1997. Sparganiaceae. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 12+ vols. New York and Oxford. Vol. 22. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=130772
- Sparganium research page, UW-Madison Dept. of Botany http://botany.wisc.edu/jsulman/jsulman.htm
- Keddy, P.A. 2010. Wetland Ecology: Principles and Conservation (2nd edition). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
- Turner, William. 1562. A new herball. republished 1995, GTL Chapman, MN Tweddle, eds. Cambridge U. Press.
- Cook and Nicholls (1986) A monographic study of the genus Sparganium. Part 1: Subgenus Xanthosparganium. Botanica Helvetica 96: 213-267
- Cook and Nicholls (1987) A monographic study of the genus Sparganium. Part 2: Subgenus Sparganium. Botanica Helvetica 97: 1-44