Ecology

Associations

Foodplant / open feeder
adult of Donacia simplex grazes on leaf (surface) of Sparganium
Remarks: season: 3-9(-11)

Plant / resting place / on
adult of Donacia versicolorea may be found on leaf of Sparganium
Remarks: season: (5-)7-8(-10)

Foodplant / open feeder
adult of Donacia vulgaris grazes on leaf of Sparganium

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / mobile cased feeder
larva of Nymphula stagnata grazes in mobile case on live, underwater leaf of Sparganium
Remarks: season: autumn, spring

Foodplant / miner
larva of Orthotelia sparganella mines live leaf of Sparganium
Remarks: season: spring+

Foodplant / feeds on
adult of Plateumaris affinis feeds on Sparganium
Remarks: season: 4-7(-9)

Plant / resting place / on
adult of Plateumaris sericea may be found on Sparganium
Remarks: season: (1-)6(-12)
Other: major host/prey

Foodplant / feeds on
larva of Thryogenes scirrhosus feeds on stem? of Sparganium

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Known predators

Sparganium (Potamogeton, Lobelia, Isoetes, Sparganium) is prey of:
Rutilus rutilus

Based on studies in:
Finland (Lake or pond, Littoral)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • J. Sarvala, Paarjarven energiatalous, Luonnon Tutkija 78:181-190, from p. 185.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:127Public Records:36
Specimens with Sequences:120Public Species:11
Specimens with Barcodes:110Public BINs:0
Species:28         
Species With Barcodes:26         
          
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Sparganium

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Sparganium

Sparganium (Bur-reed) is a genus of flowering plants, containing about 20 species in temperate regions of both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. It was previously placed alone in the family Sparganiaceae. The plants are perennial marsh plants that can grow to 3.5 m (depending on the species), with epicene flowers.

The Sparganiaceae are closely related to the Typhaceae and the APG III system (2009) includes Sparganium in that family. It has been determined from phylogenetic analysis to be the closest living relative of the genus Typha (cat-tail).

Summary[edit]

Sparganium, commonly known as the bur-reed, is a genus of aquatic plants of shallow marshes, ponds and streams. There are 9 species found in the United States and Canada.[1] The stem, which may be floating or emergent, emerges from a buried rhizome, which like many wetland plants, is dependent upon aerenchyma to transport oxygen to the rooting zone. The leaves are strap-like. The flowers are borne in spherical heads, which bear either male or female flowers.[2] The seeds may accumulate in the soil as dense seed banks, which allow the plants to regenerate during low water periods.[3]

Sparganium is an important component of aquatic and marsh vegetation in temperate to arctic regions. It provides food and cover for wildlife and waterfowl.

The genus name Sparganium was published by Linnaeus in Species Plantarum (1753), with two species recognized: S. erectum, and S. natans.

Perhaps the first mention of Sparganium in the English language was made by William Turner (1562).[4] Turner noted that there was no name for the plants in English, and suggested bede sedge or knop sedge. Further, he noted, "the virtues of Sparganium: The roote is good to be geven wyth wyne agaynste the poyson of serpentes."

Taxonomy[edit]

The latest monographic study listed 14 species in the world.[5][6]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kaul, RB 1997. Sparganiaceae. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 12+ vols. New York and Oxford. Vol. 22. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=130772
  2. ^ Sparganium research page, UW-Madison Dept. of Botany http://botany.wisc.edu/jsulman/jsulman.htm
  3. ^ Keddy, P.A. 2010. Wetland Ecology: Principles and Conservation (2nd edition). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  4. ^ Turner, William. 1562. A new herball. republished 1995, GTL Chapman, MN Tweddle, eds. Cambridge U. Press.
  5. ^ Cook and Nicholls (1986) A monographic study of the genus Sparganium. Part 1: Subgenus Xanthosparganium. Botanica Helvetica 96: 213-267
  6. ^ Cook and Nicholls (1987) A monographic study of the genus Sparganium. Part 2: Subgenus Sparganium. Botanica Helvetica 97: 1-44
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