The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. 370 pp. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Vol. 71. Gainesville, FL.
- J. F. Zhang. 1989. Fossil Insects From Shanwang, Shandong, China
- Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, pp. 39-269, vol. 45