Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is known from the Mozambique Channel: north from KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa to Mozambique, Madagascar (Chan and Yu 1991),and as far north as Tanzania (A. Cockcroft pers. comm. 2009).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species occurs at depths ranging from 200-750 m, although it is most common between 400-500 m (Holthuis 1991). It is typically found on soft, muddy bottoms (Holthuis 1991, MacPherson 1990). Females are ovigerous between December and June (Holthuis 1991).

Systems
  • Marine
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 428 - 500
  Temperature range (°C): 10.151 - 10.151
  Nitrate (umol/L): 19.445 - 19.445
  Salinity (PPS): 34.894 - 34.894
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.256 - 4.256
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.362 - 1.362
  Silicate (umol/l): 18.841 - 18.841

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 428 - 500
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Dispersal

Depth range

Depth range from 200 to 750m; most common between 400 and 500m
  • Holthuis, L.B. 1991. FAO species catalogue. Vol 13. Marine lobsters of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries known to date. FAO fisheries Synopsis. 125 (13):292 p.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Metanephrops mozambicus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.

Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

TGAGCAGGAATAGTAGGCACTTCTCTG---AGCCTAGTAATCCGGGCCGAACTAGGTCAACCTGGAAGTCTTATCGGAGAC---GACCAAATCTACAACGTAGTTGTTACTGCCCATGCCTTCGTAATAATCTTTTTTATAGTTATACCTATTATAATCGGCGGATTTGGAAATTGACTAGTACCCCTTATA---TTAGGAGCCCCGGATATAGCTTTCCCCCGCATAAACAATATAAGATTCTGGCTTCTACCCTTTTCGCTAACCCTCCTACTTACAAGAGGCATAGTAGAAAGAGGAGTGGGCACCGGATGAACTGTATACCCACCCCTCTCGGCCGCTATCGCTCACGCCGGTGCTTCTGTTGACTTAGGA---ATTTTTTCCCTACACTTAGCCGGAGTCTCTTCAATTTTAGGTGCCGTTAATTTTATAACAACCGCAACCAACATACGAAGAAAGGGTATAACAATAGACCGAATACCTTTATGTGTGTGGTCAGTATTTATTACCGCCGTCCTCTTATTGCTCTCTCTTCCTGTTTTAGCCGGG---GCAATTACCATGCTACTCACTGACCGTAATCTAAACACTTCATTTTTTGACCCCGCCGGAGGGGGAGACCCTGTTCTGTACCAGCATTTATTTTGATTCTTCGGCCACCCTGAAGTGTATATTCTAATCTTGCCTGCCTTTGGAATGGTCTCCCATATTGTCACCCAAGAATCTGGTAAAAAA---GAAGCCTTTGGCACTTTAGGTATAATTTACGCCATACTAGCAATTGGAATTCTTGGTTTTGTTGTTTGGGCCCACCACATATTTACAGTGGGAATAGATGTTGACACGCGAGCCTACTTCACCTCTGCCACTATAATTATTGCTGTGCCCACAGGAATTAAAATCTTCAGGTGACTGGGT---ACCCTCCAAGGTACA---CAAATCAACTATAACCCCTCGCTTCTATGGGCCCTTGGCTTCATTTTCCTGTTTACAGTGGGGGGCTTAACAGGAGTAGTTCTAGCTAATTCTTCTATTGATATTATTCTCCACGATACATACTATGTAGTGGCCCACTTCCATTATGTT---CTCTCTATAGGCGCTGTATTTGGTATTTTTGCCGGAGTGGCACACTGGTTTCCGCTATTTACAGGCCTTTCTCTTAACCCCAAATGACTAAAAATTCACTTCCTTACAATATTCGCAGGAGTTAATATTACCTTTTTTCCCCAACACTTCCTA
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Metanephrops mozambicus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Wahle, R., Cockcroft, A., MacDiarmid, A., Butler, M. & Chan, T.Y.

Reviewer/s
Collen, B., Livingstone, S. & Richman, N.

Contributor/s
Batchelor, A., De Silva, R., Dyer, E., Kasthala, G., Lutz, M.L., McGuinness, S., Milligan, H.T., Soulsby, A.-M. & Whitton, F.

Justification
Metanephrops mozambicus has been assessed as Least Concern. Although it is impacted upon by commercial fisheries within its wide distribution, this is not believed to be significantly impacting the global population at the present time as recent data suggests the population is stable.
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Population

Population
There is no direct population information for this species, although Chan and Yu (1991) reported that populations were abundant and not affected by commercial trawling. Catch per unit effort (CPUE) increased during the 1990s, suggesting it was recovering from harvesting, and catch volume has remained stable for over a decade in the Indian Ocean (FAO).

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
The deep-water trawl fishery in South Africa is relatively small in scale, and effort has fluctuated over the last two decades (a decline in effort in the early 1990s due to logistical problems, followed by an increase in effort after 1995 when more vessels entered the fishery) (Fennessy and Groeneveld 1997).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. Further research is required to determine the abundance of this species, and to what extent it is impacted upon by threats within its range.
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Wikipedia

Metanephrops mozambicus

Metanephrops mozambicus (commonly known as the African lobster) is a species of lobster that lives around south-east of Madagascar. Previously considered to be part of the species Metanephrops andamanicus (Andaman lobster), they were re-classified as a unique species in 1990.[1] The species is commercially trawled.[2]

References

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