Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

IUCN Red List

Name Relationship
Macaca nemestrina (Linnaeus, 1766) Preferred
Macaca brachyurus (Hamilton Smith, 1842) Synonym
Macaca broca Miller, 1906
Macaca carpolegus (Raffles, 1821)
Macaca fusca (Shaw, 1800)
Macaca libidinosus I. Geoffroy, 1826
Macaca longicruris (Link, 1795)
Macaca maimon (de Blainville, 1839)
Macaca nucifera Sody, 1936
Macaca platypygos (Schreber, 1774)

Taxonomic Hierarchy of COL-China 2012 Mammalia

Name Relationship
Macaca nemestrina Preferred
Macaca leonina

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Macaca nemestrina Preferred
Macaca nemestrina (Linnaeus, 1766) Authority

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Macaca nemestrina (Linnaeus, 1766) Preferred
Macacus brachyurus (Hamilton Smith, 1842) Junior synonym
Macaca broca Miller, 1906
Simia carpolegus Raffles, 1821
Simia fusca Shaw, 1800
Macaca libidinosus I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1826
Simia longicruris Link, 1795
Pithecus maimon de Blainville, 1839
Simia platypygos Schreber, 1774
Macaca nemestrina nucifera Sody, 1936


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