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BiologyThe distinct triple-tracks of the southern marsupial mole, created by the hind feet and the hard tail swinging from side to side are most often found following rain (8), but it is not clear whether the mole emerges from under the sand more often after rain or whether the tracks are simply more obvious (7) (8). Burrowing just 10 cm beneath the surface, the mole travels fairly short distances pushing with the horny nose, scooping with the forefeet and throwing up the sand with the hind feet. The tunnels collapse behind the mole as it travels and it surfaces fairly frequently, propelling itself with its hind feet across the sand (5) (8). Reported separately as both diurnal and nocturnal, the southern marsupial mole appears to be quite active, pursuing prey including ant pupae, scarab beetle larvae, sawfly larvae, moth larvae and adult beetles with fervour (6) (5). The southern marsupial mole also never needs to drink, obtaining the water it needs from its food (6). Little is known about the reproductive habits of the southern marsupial mole, but it is thought to breed around November, producing one or two young (5).