There are very few specimens (around 20), but six of these have been collected in the past decade or so, despite an enormous increase in the number of people visiting its range in four-wheel drive vehicles. Maxwell et al.’s (1996) description of two of the records indicates the importance of chance in obtaining specimens of this fossorial species. An animal was found on Talawanna Track west of Cotton Creek, Western Australia, in October 1995 (Western Australia Museum), having been excavated by a bulldozer about one metre below the surface. Another came from near Nifty Mine in March 1996 after it was found nearly dead on the surface after heavy rain.
Habitat and Ecology
In 1998 a live specimen was captured on the surface at Punmu in Rudall River National Park and kept briefly in captivity. Study of this individual showed that the species has an unusual metabolism and can vary its body temperature as a probable adaptation to its fossorial way of life (Withers et al. 2000).
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
The Recovery Plan Objectives and Actions for this species are (Benshemesh 2004): 1) Resolve taxonomic issues; 2) Describe the distribution, abundance, and lineages; 3) Determine population trends; 4) Provide preliminary information on threat of fire, introduced predators (foxes and cats), and grazing; 5) Describe activity patterns and behaviour 6) Obtain ecological information from Aboriginal elders; 7) Examine diet, reproduction, and general condition of surfacing animals; 8) Prepare for captive individuals brought to Desert Park; 9) Manage the recovery process with a recovery team; 10) Downlist species from endangered to a lower category of threat.
No management actions can be defined until additional research has been completed (Maxwell et al. 1996; Benshemesh 2004).
Northern marsupial mole
The Northern Marsupial Mole or Northwestern Marsupial Mole (Notoryctes caurinus) is a species of marsupial in the Notoryctidae family. It is endemic to Australia. Its natural habitat is hot deserts. The Northern Marsupial Mole is yellow in color. Its diet consists of insect pupae and larvae. It lacks eyes and barely has ears.
- Groves, C. P. (2005). "Order Notoryctemorphia". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
- Benshemesh, J. & Burbidge, A. (2008). Notoryctes caurinus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 28 December 2008. Database entry includes justification for why this species is data deficient
- Northern Marsupial Mole
- Warburton, N. M 2003., Functional morphology and evolution of marsupial moles (Marsupialia: Notoryctemorphia) thesis
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