Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Trees, shrubs or lianes. Leaves digitate with long petioles. Inflorescence of compound umbels, arranged in a raceme or panicle. Petals and sepals 5-10, equal in number. Styles 2 (umbellifera) or 5-8 (goetzenii). Fruit subspherical to ovoid.
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Distribution

Range Description

Last collected in 1970, north of the Genting Highlands Casino complex and also found in the Cameron Highlands.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This small epiphytic tree occurs in montane forest and forest edges. It sometimes grows as a crown epiphyte, hence it is seldom collected and may be commoner than realised.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:1
Specimens with Sequences:2
Specimens with Barcodes:2
Species:1
Species With Barcodes:1
Public Records:1
Public Species:1
Public BINs:0
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Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:197
Specimens with Sequences:204
Specimens with Barcodes:68
Species:88
Species With Barcodes:87
Public Records:159
Public Species:80
Public BINs:0
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Schefflera A.guadamuz367

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data

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Barcode data

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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
VU
Vulnerable

Red List Criteria
D2

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2003
  • Needs updating

Assessor/s
Frodin, D.

Reviewer/s
Hilton-Taylor, C. & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)

Contributor/s

Justification
This undescribed species has a very restricted geographical and elevational range. It is only known from six collections so far. All but two of these are from the Cameron Highlands, with the others occurring further south towards G. Mengkuang (north of G. Ulu Kali). The most recent collection was in 1970, but this may be more a reflection of under-collection than rarity - the plant, at least sometimes, grows as a crown epiphyte. Deforestation is the main threat to this species.

History
  • 1998
    Lower Risk/conservation dependent
    (Oldfield et al. 1998)
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Population

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Deforestation for human settlements, agriculture and tourism developments are the key threats.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Subpopulations receive a degree of protection within the permanent forest estate.
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Wikipedia

Schefflera

Schefflera /ˈʃɛflərə/[1] is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araliaceae. The plants are trees, shrubs or lianas, growing 1–30 metres (3 ft 3 in–98 ft 5 in) tall, with woody stems and palmately compound leaves. The circumscription of the genus has varied greatly. Phylogenetic studies have shown that the widely used broad circumscription as a pantropical genus of over 700 species is polyphyletic, but it remains to be seen how this will affect the classification of the genus.[2][3]

Several species are grown in pots as houseplants, most commonly Schefflera actinophylla (Umbrella Tree) and Schefflera arboricola (Dwarf Umbrella Tree). Numerous cultivars have been selected for various characters, most popularly for variegated or purple foliage. Schefflera species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidopteran species including Batrachedra arenosella (recorded on S. stellata). Schefflera arboricola and Schefflera actinophylla can be used to attract birds.[4]

The genus is named in honor of Johann Peter Ernst von Scheffler (born in 1739), physician and botanist of Leipzig, and later of Warsaw, who contributed plants to Gottfried Reyger for Reygers book, 'Tentamen Florae Gedanensis'.[5] [6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  2. ^ G. M. Plunkett, Porter P. Lowry II, D. G. Frodin & Jun Wen (2005). "Phylogeny and geography of Schefflera: pervasive polyphyly in the largest genus of Araliaceae". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 92 (2): 202–224. JSTOR 3298514. 
  3. ^ Pedro Fiaschi & Gregory M. Plunkett (2011). "Monophyly and phylogenetic relationships of Neotropical Schefflera (Araliaceae) based on plastid and nuclear markers". Systematic Botany 36 (3): 806–817. doi:10.1600/036364411X583754. 
  4. ^ Johan Dalgas Frisch, Christian Dalgas Frisch (2005). Aves Brasileiras e Plantas que as atraem. São Paulo: Dalgas Ecotec. ISBN 85-85015-07-1. 
  5. ^ Forster. J.R. and Forster, G. Characteres Generum Plantarum. 1776 [1]
  6. ^ Reyger, G. Tentamen Florae Gedanensis. vol. 2. 1766 [2]
  7. ^ Schriften der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Danzig, Volume 8 (2) p. 83

Further reading[edit]

  • Frodin, D. G. and R. Govaerts. 2004. World Checklist and Bibliography of Araliaceae. Kew Publishing.
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