The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. IUCN Red List (March, 2003) www.redlist.orgwww.redlist.org External link.
  • 10.  Hartesveldt, Richard J.; Harvey, H. Thomas; Shellhammer, Howard S.;        Stecker, Ronald E. 1975. The sequoia of the Sierra Nevada. Washington,        DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. 180 p.        [4233]
  • 11.  Harvey, H. Thomas; Shellhammer, Howard S. 1991. Survivorship and growth        of giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum (lindl.)buchh.) seedlings        after fire. Madrona. 38(1): 14-20.  [14879]
  • 12.  Harvey, H. Thomas; Shellhammer, Howard S.; Stecker, Ronald E. 1980.        Giant sequoia ecology: Fire and reproduction. Scientific Monograph        Series No 12. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, National        Park Service. 182 p.  [6587]
  • 13.  Kilgore, Bruce M. 1971. Response of breeding bird populations to habitat        changes in a giant sequoia forest. American Midland Naturalist. 85(1):        135-152.  [7281]
  • 14.  Kilgore, Bruce M. 1972. Fire's role in a Sequoia forest. Naturalist.        23(1): 26-37.  [8783]
  • 18.  Martin, Robert E. 1982. Fire history and its role in succession. In:        Means, Joseph E., ed. Forest succession and stand development research        in the Northwest: Proceedings of a symposium; 1981 March 26; Corvallis,        OR. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University, Forest Research Laboratory:        92-99.  [9830]
  • 19.  Parmeter, John R., Jr. 1986. Diseases and insects of giant sequoia. In:        Weatherspoon, C. Phillip; Iwamoto, Y. Robert; Piirto, Douglas D.,        technical coordinators. Proceedings of the workshop on management of        giant sequoia; 1985 May 24-25; Reedley, CA. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-95.        Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific        Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station: 11-13.  [9803]
  • 2.  Biswell, H. H. 1961. The big trees and fire. National Parks Magazine.        April: 1-4.  [8786]
  • 2. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service (February, 2003) http://www.fs.fed.usdatabase/feis/plants/tree/seqgig/all.htmlhttp://www.fs.fed.usdatabase/feis/plants/tree/seqgig/all.html External link.
  • 20.  Parsons, David J.; Nichols, H. Thomas. 1986. Management of giant sequoia        in the national parks of the Sierra Nevada, California. In:        Weatherspoon, C. Phillip; Iwamoto, Y. Robert; Piirto, Douglas D.,        technical coordinators. Proceedings of the workshop on management of        giant sequoia; 1985 May 24-25; Reedley, CA. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-95.        Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific        Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station: 26-29.  [9807]
  • 21.  Piirto, Douglas D. 1986. Wood of giant sequoia: properties and unique        characteristics. In: Weatherspoon, C. Phillip; Iwamoto, Y. Robert;        Piirto, Douglas D., technical coordinators. Proceedings of the workshop        on management of giant sequoia; 1985 May 24-25; Reedley, CA. Gen. Tech.        Rep. PSW-95. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest        Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station: 19-23.        [9806]
  • 23.  Rundel, Philip W. 1973. The relationship between basal fire scars and        crown damage in giant sequoia. Ecology. 54(1): 210-213.  [6639]
  • 24.  Rundel, Philip W.; Parsons, David J.; Gordon, Donald T. 1977. Montane        and subalpine vegetation of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Ranges. In:        Barbour, Michael G.; Major, Jack, eds. Terrestrial vegetation of        California. New York: John Wiley & Sons: 559-599.  [4235]
  • 25.  Temple, Patrick J. 1988. Injury and growth of Jeffrey pine and giant        sequoia in response to ozone and acidic mist. Environmental and        Experimental Botany. 28(4): 323-333.  [13016]
  • 26.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. 1982.        National list of scientific plant names. Vol. 1. List of plant names.        SCS-TP-159. Washington, DC. 416 p.  [11573]
  • 27.  Vale, Thomas R. 1975. Ecology and environmental issues of the Sierra        Redwood (Sequoiadendron giganteum), now restricted to California.        Environmental Conservation. 2(3): 179-188.  [8776]
  • 28.  Weatherspoon, C. Philip. 1990. Sequoiadendron giganteum (Lindl.)        Buchholz. In: Burns, Russell M.; Honkala, Barbara H., technical        coordinators. Silvics of North America. Volume 1. Conifers. Agric.        Handb. 654. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest        Service: 552-562.  [13415]
  • 29.  Holland, Robert F. 1986. Preliminary descriptions of the terrestrial        natural communities of California. Sacramento, CA: California Department        of Fish and Game. 156 p.  [12756]
  • 3.  Biswell, H. H.; Gibbens, R. P.; Buchanan, H. 1966. Litter production by        bigtrees and associated species. California Agriculture. 20(9): 5-7.        [12692]
  • 3. Hamburg University (February, 2003) http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.deb-online/earle/cu/se2/http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.deb-online/earle/cu/se2/ External link.
  • 31.  Mutch, Linda S.; Parsons, David J. 1998. Mixed conifer forest        mortality and establishment before and after prescribed fire in Sequoia        National Park, California. Forest Science. 44(3): 341-355.  [29033]
  • 4. Farjon, A. & Page, C. (1999) Conifers: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Conifer Specialist Group.
  • 4.  Bock, Carl E.; Lynch, James F. 1970. Breeding bird populations of burned        and unburned conifer forest in the Sierra Nevada. Condor. 72: 182-189.        [5113]
  • 5.  Boe, Kenneth N. 1974. Sequoiadendron giganteum (Lindl.) Buchholz Giant        sequoia. In: Schopmeyer, C. S., ed. Seeds of woody plants in the United        States. Agriculture Handbook No. 450. Washington: U. S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service: 767-768.  [7751]
  • 5. INFERNO (Violent Planet) (BBC tx. 1999).
  • 6. Taylor, D. (1994) Reflections of the Audubon Society Giant Sequoias: their place in the ecosystem and society. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Giant Sequoias.
  • 6.  Brockman, C. Frank. 1979. Trees of North America. New York: Golden        Press. 280 p.  [16867]
  • 9.  Hartesveldt, R. J.; Harvey, H. T. 1968. The fire ecology of Sequoia        regeneration. In: Proceedings, Tall Timbers fire ecology conference;        1967 November 9-10; Hoberg. No. 7. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers        Research Station: 65-77.  [6384]
  • American Journal of Botany 26(7): 536. 1939. (Amer. J. Bot.)
  • Bonplandia 3: 27. 1855. (Bonplandia (Hannover))
  • Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 1: 70–71. 1854. (Bull. Soc. Bot. France)
  • Burns, Russell M., and Barbara H. Honkala, technical coordinators. 1990. Silvics of North America: 1. Conifers; 2. Hardwoods.   Agriculture Handbook 654 (Supersedes Agriculture Handbook 271,Silvics of Forest Trees of the United States, 1965).   U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC. vol.2, 877 pp.   http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/table_of_contents.htm External link.
  • Farjon A. (2013). Conifer Database (version Jul 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Image metadata at Bioimages (http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/)   http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/baskauf/00000 External link.
  • J.T. Buchholz. 1939. In: Amer. J. Bot. 26: 536.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Sequoiadendron giganteum
  • Synopsis Coniferarum 198. 1847. (Syn. Conif.)
  • The Gardeners' Chronicle & Agricultural Gazette 10: 823. 1853. (Gard. Chron.)
  •    
       
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    3. Bega, Robert V. 1981. Personal communication. Pacific Southwest  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA.
    4.  
    5. Berthon, J. Y., N. Boyer, and Th. Gaspar. 1987. Sequential rooting  media and rooting capacity of Sequoiadendron giganteum in vitro.  Peroxidase activity as a marker. Plant Cell Reports 6:341-344.
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    7. Bonnicksen, Thomas M., and Edward C. Stone. 1981. The giant  sequoia-mixed conifer forest community characterized through pattern  analysis as a mosaic of aggregations. Forest Ecology and Management  3:307-328.
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    9. Cockrell, R. A., R. M. Knudson, and A. G. Stangenberger. 1971.  Mechanical properties of southern Sierra old- and second-growth giant  sequoia. California Agricultural Experiment Station, Bulletin 854.  Berkeley. 14 p.
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    11. Cook, Norman W., and David J. Dulitz. 1978. Growth of young Sierra  redwood stands on Mountain Home State Forest. California Department of  Forestry, State Forest Notes 72. Sacramento. 5 p.
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    13. Dulitz, David. 1986. Growth and yield of giant sequoia. In Proceedings  of the workshop on management of giant sequoia, May 24-25, 1985,  Reedley, CA. p. 14-16. C. P. Weatherspoon, Y. R. Iwamoto, and D. D.  Piirto, tech. coords. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report  PSW-95. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley,  CA.
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    15. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and  Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 p.
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    17. Fins, Lauren. 1979. Genetic architecture of giant sequoia. Thesis  (Ph.D.), University of California, Berkeley. 237 p.
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    19. Fins, Lauren. 1981. Propagation of giant sequoia by rooting cuttings.  Proceedings of the International Plant Propagators' Society 30:127-132. 
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    21. Fins, Lauren. 1981. Seed germination of giant sequoia. Tree  Planters'Notes 32(2):3-8.
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    23. Fins, L., and W. J. Libby. 1982. Population variation in Sequoiadendron:  seed and seedling studies, vegetative propagation, and isozyme  variation. Silvae Genetica 31(4):102-110.
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    25. Flint, Wendell D. 1981. Personal communication. Coalinga, CA.
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    27. Guinon, M., J. B. Larsen, and W. Spethmann. 1982. Frost resistance  and early growth of Sequoiadendron giganteum seedlings of  different origins. Silvae Genetica 31(5-6):173-178.
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    29. Harrison, Wayne. 1986. Management of giant sequoia at Calaveras Big  Trees State Park. In Proceedings of the workshop on management  of giant sequoia, May 24-25, 1985, Reedley, CA. p. 40-42.C. P.  Weatherspoon, Y. R. Iwamoto, and D. D. Piirto, tech. coords. USDA Forest  Service, General Technical Report PSW-95. Pacific Southwest Forest and  Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA.
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    31. Hartesveldt, Richard J., H. Thomas Harvey, Howard S. Shellhammer, and  Ronald E. Stecker. 1975. The giant sequoia of the Sierra Nevada. U.S.  Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Washington, DC. 180  p.
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    33. Harvey, H. Thomas, Howard S. Shellhammer, and Ronald E. Stecker.  1980. Giant sequoia ecology. U.S. Department of the Interior, National  Park Service, Scientific Monograph Series 12. Washington, DC. 182 p. 
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    35. Heald, Robert C. 1986. Management of giant sequoia at Blodgett Forest  Research Station. In Proceedings of the workshop on management  of giant sequoia, May 24-25, 1985, Reedley, CA. p. 37-39. C. P.  Weatherspoon, Y. R. Iwamoto, and D. D. Piirto, tech. coords. USDA Forest  Service, General Technical Report PSW-95. Pacific Southwest Forest and  Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA.
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    37. Libby, William J. 1981. Personal communication. University of  California, Berkeley.
    38.  
    39. Libby, William J. 1982. Some observations on Sequoiadendron and  Calocedrus in Europe. California Forestry and Forest Products  49. University of California, Forest Products Laboratory/California  Agricultural Experiment Station, Berkeley. 12 p.
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    41. Libby, W. J. 1986. Genetic variation and early performance of giant  sequoia in plantations. In Proceedings of the workshop on  management of giant sequoia, May 24-25, 1985, Reedley, CA. p. 17-18. C.  P. Weatherspoon, Y. R. Iwamoto, and D. D. Piirto, tech. coords. USDA  Forest Service, General Technical Report PSW-95. Pacific Southwest  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA.
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    43. Mallory, James 1. 1981. Personal communication. California State  Cooperative Soil-Vegetation Survey, Redding, CA.
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    45. Melchior, G. H., and S. Hermann. 1987. Differences in growth  performance of four provenances of giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron  giganteum [Lindl.] Buchh.). Silvae Genetica 36(2):65-68.
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    47. Monteuuis, 0. 1987. In vitro meristem culture of juvenile and  mature Sequoiadendron giganteum. Tree Physiology 3(3):265-272. 
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    49. Parmeter, John R., Jr. 1986. Diseases and insects of giant sequoia.  In Proceedings of the workshop on management of giant sequoia,  May 24-25, 1985, Reedley, CA. p. 11-13. C. P. Weatherspoon, Y. R.  Iwamoto, and D. D. Piirto, tech. coords. USDA Forest Service, General  Technical Report PSW-95. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Berkeley, CA.
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    51. Parsons, David J., and Steven H. DeBenedetti. 1979. Impact of fire  suppression on a mixed-conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management  2:21-33.
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    53. Parsons, David J., and H. Thomas Nichols. 1986. Management of giant  sequoia in the National Parks of the Sierra Nevada, California. In  Proceedings of the workshop on management of giant sequoia, May  24-25, 1985, Reedley, CA. p. 26-29. C. P. Weatherspoon, Y. R. Iwamoto,  and D. D. Piirto, tech. coords. USDA Forest Service, General Technical  Report PSW-95. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,  Berkeley, CA.
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    55. Piirto, Douglas D., and W. Wayne Wilcox. 1981. Comparative properties  of old- and young-growth giant sequoia of potential significance to wood  utilization. Bull. 1901. Division of Agricultural Sciences, University  of California, Berkeley. 26 p.
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    57. Piirto, Douglas D., W. Wayne Wilcox, John R. Parmeter, Jr., and David  L. Wood. 1984. Causes of uprooting and breakage of specimen giant  sequoia trees. Bull. 1909. Division of Agriculture and Natural  Resources, University of California, Berkeley. 14 p.
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    59. Piirto, Douglas D., W. John Hawksworth, and Marjorie M. Hawksworth.  1986. Giant sequoia sprouts. Journal of Forestry 84(9):24-25.
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    61. Rogers, Robert R. 1986. Management of giant sequoia in the National  Forests of the Sierra Nevada, California. In Proceedings of the  workshop on management of giant sequoia, May 24-25, 1985, Reedley, CA.  p. 32-36. C. P. Weatherspoon, Y. R. Iwamoto, and D. D. Piirto, tech.  coords. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report PSW-95. Pacific  Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA.
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    63. Rundel, Philip W. 1969. The distribution and ecology of the giant  sequoia ecosystem in the Sierra Nevada, California. Thesis (Ph.D.), Duke  University, Durham, NC. 204 p.
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    65. Rundel, Philip W. 1971. Community structure and stability in the  giant sequoia groves of the Sierra Nevada, California. American Midland  Naturalist 85(2):478-492.
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    67. Rundel, Philip W. 1972. Habitat restriction in giant sequoia: the  environmental control of grove boundaries. American Midland Naturalist  87(l):81-99.
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    69. Rundel, Philip W. 1973. The relationship between basal fire scars  and crown damage in giant sequoia. Ecology 54(l):210-213.
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    71. Schubert, Gilbert H. (revised by N. M. Beetham). 1962. Silvical  characteristics of giant sequoia. USDA Forest Service, Technical Paper  20. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA.  16 p.
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    73. Stark, N. 1968. The environmental tolerance of the seedling stage of  Sequoiadendron giganteum. American Midland Naturalist  80(l):84-95.
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    75. Stark, N. 1968. Seed ecology of Sequoiadendron giganteum. Madroño  19(7):267-277.
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    77. Worrall, J. J., J. C. Correll, and A. H. McCain. 1986. Pathogenicity  and teleomorph-anamorph connection of Botryosphaeria dothidea on  Sequoiadendron giganteum and Sequoia sempervirens. Plant  Disease 70(8):757-759.
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    79. Zinke, Paul J., and Robert L. Crocker. 1962. The influence of giant  sequoia on soil properties. Forest Science 8(l):2-11.
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