Overview

Brief Summary

Biology

Azooxanthellate
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Comprehensive Description

Description

 Corallum attached and solitary or colonial by budding from basal coenosteum (Figures 3–4, 6–8). Calices predominantly monocentric, very thin, cup-shaped to foliaceous, height < 15 mm, outline irregularly circular, Ø < 30 mm (Figures 1–4, 6–8). They are usually separate from each other above the interconnecting basal plate (Figures 3b, 6, 7), but can also be fused at their margins or lateral sides (Figures 3a, 8b). Corallum wall massive. Costae equal and well defined, with small spiny protuberances (Figures 4a, 7a, 8d). Septa approximately equal in size, with smooth upper edges and parallel ridges (menianes) on their sides (Figures 3, 5, 8). Septal sides may show evenly distributed granulations where menianes are absent (Figures 8b–c). Columella nearly solid (Figures 3a, 3c–d, 8a–b). Living animals azooxanthellate; corals are white, or partly green or red (Figures 1–2), owing to the presence of endolithic algae (Kühl and Polerecky 2008).
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© Bert W. Hoeksema

Source: ZooKeys

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Distribution

 Records are from coral reefs, usually in areas with limestone outcrops: Indonesia (East Kalimantan, North Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi), the central Philippines (Cebu, Bohol), Palau, eastern Papua New Guinea, and the Marianas (Guam) (Figure 9).
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Bert W. Hoeksema

Source: ZooKeys

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Ecology

Habitat

cavernicolous
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Dispersal

Depth range

10-30 m
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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