The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Alverson, W. S., D. K. Moskovits & J. S. Shopland. 2000. Bolivia: Pando, Río Tahuamanu. Rapid Biol. Inv. 1: 1–79.
  • Bailey, L.H. & E.Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. (eds.) 1993. Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45: i–xl, 1–1286.
  • F.W.H.A.von Humboldt & A.J.A.Bonpland. 1808. In: Pl. Aequinoct. 1: 122
  • Forsyth, A. 1992. Exploring the World of Insects: The Equinox Guide to Insect Behaviour. Camden House.
  • Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro.
  • Freitas-Silva, O. and A. Venâncio. 2011. Brazil nuts: Benefits and risks associated with contamination by fungi and mycotoxins. Food Research International 44: 1434–1440.
  • Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584.
  • Haugaasen, J.M.T., T. Haugaasen, C.A. Peres, R. Gribel, and P. Wegge. 2010. Seed dispersal of the Brazil nut tree (Bertholletia excelsa) by scatter-hoarding rodents in a central Amazonian forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 26: 251-262.
  • Heckel, E. 1897. Les Plantes Médicinales et Toxiques de la Guyane Francaise. 93 pp. Macon, France: Protat Freres.
  • Hokche, O., P. E. Berry & O. Huber. (eds.) 2008. Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venez. 1–860. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, Caracas.
  • Killeen, T. J., E. García Estigarribia & S. G. Beck. (eds.) 1993. Guía Árb. Bolivia 1–958. Herbario Nacional de Bolivia & Missouri Botanical Garden, Edit. Quipus srl., La Paz.
  • Mabberley, D.J. 2008. Mabberley's Plant-Book, 3rd edition [2009 reprint with corrections]. Cambridge University Press, New York.
  • Mennega, E.A., Tammens-de Rooij, W.C.M. and M.J. Jansen-Jacobs, eds. 1988. Check-list of Woody Plants of Guyana. 281 pp. Ede, The Netherlands: Tropenbos Foundation.
  • Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118.
  • Mori S.A., Prance G.T. & Tulig M. (2013). LecyPages: The Lecythidaceae Pages (version Oct 2006). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Mori, S. 1992. The Brazil Nut Industry—Past, Present, and Future. Pp. 241-251 in Sustainable Harvest and Marketing of Rain Forest Products (M. Plotkin and L. Famolare, eds.). Island Press, Wasington, D.C.
  • Mori, S.A. & G. T. Prance. 1990. Lecythidaceae–Part II. The zygomorphic–flowered New World genera (Couroupita, Corythophora, Bertholletia, Couratari, Eschweilera, & Lecythis). Fl. Neotrop. 21(2): 1–376.
  • Paivaa, P.M., M.C. Guedesa, and C. Funia. 2011. Brazil nut conservation through shifting cultivation. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 508-514.
  • Peres, C.A. and C. Baider. 1997. Seed dispersal, spatial distribution and population structure of Brazilnut trees (Bertholletia excelsa) in southeastern Amazonia. Journal of Tropical Ecology 13: 595-616.
  • Peres, C.A., L.C. Schiesari, and C.L. Dias-Leme. 1997. Vertebrate Predation of Brazil-Nuts (Bertholletia excelsa, Lecythidaceae), an Agouti-Dispersed Amazonian Seed Crop: A Test of the Escape Hypothesis. Journal of Tropical Ecology 13(1): 69-79.
  • Plantae Aequinoctiales 1: 122–127, pl. 36. 1807. (Pl. Aequinoct.)
  • Pulle, A. 1906. An Enumeration of the Vascular Plants known from Surinam, together with their Distribution and Synonymy. 555 pp. Leiden: E.J. Brill.
  • Reis, M.M., A.C. Braga. M.R. Lemes, R. Gribel, and R.G. Collevatti. 2009. Development and characterization of microsatellite markers for the Brazil nut tree Bertholletia excelsa Humb. & Bonpl. (Lecythidaceae). Molecular Ecology Resources 9(3): 920-923.
  • Shepard, G.H.and H. Ramirez. 2011. "Made in Brazil": Human Dispersal of the Brazil Nut (Bertholletia excelsa, Lecythidaceae) in Ancient Amazonia. Economic Botany 65(1): 44-65.
  • Silvertown, J. 2004. Sustainability in a nutshell. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19(6): 276-278.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1995. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Project.
  • Vaughan, J.G. and C.A. Geissler. 1997. The New Oxford Book of Food Plants (revised and updated edition). Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Wadta, L.H.O., K.A. Kainerb, C.L. Staudhammerb, and R.O.P. Serranod. 2008. Sustainable forest use in Brazilian extractive reserves: Natural regeneration of Brazil nut in exploited populations. Biological Conservation 141: 332-346.


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