The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- B. Kurten and E. Anderson. 1980. Pleistocene mammals of North America
- Groves, Colin, and Peter Grubb. 2011. Ungulate Taxonomy. ix + 317
- Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2000