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DescriptionThe pygmy scaly-tailed flying squirrel is the smallest of seven species of mainly gliding rodents belonging to the family Anomaluridae (4) (5). In common with all but one member of the family, the pygmy scaly-tailed flying squirrel has a membrane that extends along the sides of its body from limb to limb (3) (6) (7). Stretched out in flight, the membrane forms a square parachute, enabling these arboreal rodents to glide incredible distances from one tree to another (5) (7). This adaptation to life in the trees is akin to the flying membranes displayed by Australian flying possums and true flying squirrels but is actually the product of convergent evolution rather than close ancestry (3) (7). It has a fine silky coat, predominately tawny coloured but slightly paler along the neck and belly (3) (6). A small portion of the underside of its long, thin tail is covered with a roughened file-like surface that possibly aids in climbing the rough bark of trees (3) (6) (7). The upperpart of the tail is sparsely covered with long hairs (3) (6).