Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Schooling fishes, mostly of shallow coastal waters and estuaries in tropical and temperate regions. Some species enter or live in freshwater. Mouth inferior. Upper jaw produced. Jaw teeth well developed to absent. Gill rakers on lower limb of first arch 10-50 or more. Branchiostegal rays 7-19. A silvery stripe down flanks. Body translucent. Abdominal scutes present in most Old World anchovies; absent in New World anchovies, except for one pelvic scute. Luminescent organs noted in one species. Mostly filter feeding on zooplankton; a few piscivorous. About 50 cm maximum length; most species below 15 cm. Commercially important for food and fish meal; also used as bait. The name 'Engraulididae' has been proposed for this family.
  • MASDEA (1997).
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Associations

Known predators

Engraulidae (Engraulidae, herbivorous) is prey of:
Scomber japonicus
Actinopterygii
Merluccius
Cephalopoda
Scombridae
Thyrsites atun
Argyrosomus hololepoditus
Seriola
Atractoscion aequidens
Cetacea
Aves
Phocidae
Chondrichthyes
Carangidae
phytoplankton
organic stuff
Decapoda
Stomatopoda
Anomura

Based on studies in:
South Africa, Southwest coast (Marine)
Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico-Virgin Islands shelf (Reef)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • Opitz S (1996) Trophic interactions in Caribbean coral reefs. ICLARM Tech Rep 43, Manila, Philippines
  • Yodzis P (2000) Diffuse effects in food webs. Ecology 81:261–266
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Source: SPIRE

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Known prey organisms

Engraulidae (Engraulidae, herbivorous) preys on:
phytoplankton
meroplankton
Appendicularia
Doliolidae
Calanoida
Cyclopoidea
Cnidaria
Tomopteridae
Chaetognatha
Polychaeta
microzooplankton
mesozooplankton
macrozooplankton

Based on studies in:
Pacific (Marine)
South Africa, Southwest coast (Marine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • M. E. Vinogradov and E. A. Shushkina, Some development patterns of plankton communities in the upwelling areas of the Pacific Ocean. Mar. Biol. 48:357-366, from p. 359 (1978).
  • Yodzis P (2000) Diffuse effects in food webs. Ecology 81:261–266
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© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:908
Specimens with Sequences:792
Specimens with Barcodes:667
Species:73
Species With Barcodes:67
Public Records:394
Public Species:44
Public BINs:36
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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