Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology/Natural History: Some notes on the biology of Parapasiphae species, and a key to the different species can be found in Wasmer, 1967, 2005

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Source: Invertebrates of the Salish Sea

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Pasiphaeids are true shrimp which have enlarged first and second pereopods, which are chelate (photo). Genus Parapasiphaea is not as extremely laterally compressed as is genus Pasiphaea, plus it has a true rostrum (photo).
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Source: Invertebrates of the Salish Sea

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Distribution

Western Atlantic: Greenland and Iceland to Bermuda and the Gulf of Mexico
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Geographical Range: British Columbia to Baja California, Indo-Pacific, Atlantic, off eastern Australia

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Source: Invertebrates of the Salish Sea

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Physical Description

Type Information

Syntype for Parapasiphae sulcatifrons Smith, 1884
Catalog Number: USNM 5352
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: female;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1883
Locality: Hudson Canyon, New Jersey, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 1869 to 1869
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype:
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Syntype for Parapasiphae sulcatifrons Smith, 1884
Catalog Number: USNM 5667
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: female;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Locality: Off Virginia, North Atlantic Ocean
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype:
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Syntype for Parapasiphae sulcatifrons Smith, 1884
Catalog Number: USNM 5551
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: male;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Locality: Off Virginia, North Atlantic Ocean
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype:
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Syntype for Parapasiphae sulcatifrons Smith, 1884
Catalog Number: USNM 7046
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: female;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Year Collected: 1883
Locality: Off Nantucket Shoals, Massachusetts, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 3718 to 3718
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype:
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Syntype for Parapasiphae sulcatifrons Smith, 1884
Catalog Number: USNM 5459
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: male; juvenile
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Year Collected: 1883
Locality: Off Chesapeake Bay, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 3506 to 3506
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype:
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Syntype for Parapasiphae sulcatifrons Smith, 1884
Catalog Number: USNM 7022
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Year Collected: 1883
Locality: Off Chesapeake Bay, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 5393 to 5393
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype:
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Syntype for Parapasiphae sulcatifrons Smith, 1884
Catalog Number: USNM 5649
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: female;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Year Collected: 1883
Locality: Off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 944 to 944
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype:
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Look Alikes

How to Distinguish from Similar Species: The two pairs of enlarged, chelatepereopods (photo) distinguish this species from shrimp in other families. The other local Pasiphaeids, such as Pasiphaea pacifica, are strongly laterally compressed and may be partly transparent. Members of genus Pasiphaea also do not have a true rostrum--instead, a median spine from the dorsal carapace projects up just behind the front of the carapace, looking somewhat like a rostrum. A related species also found bathypelagically in our region, Parapasiphae cristata, differs because P. sulcatifrons has no teeth at the base of the rostrum (photo) and the fingers of the second chelae are shorter than the palm, while Parapasiphae cristata has two teeth at the base of the rostrum and the fingers of the second chelae are longer than the palm.
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Source: Invertebrates of the Salish Sea

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 3 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 3 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 0
  Temperature range (°C): 20.684 - 26.409
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.051 - 0.090
  Salinity (PPS): 34.244 - 35.071
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.753 - 5.295
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.089 - 0.301
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.751 - 2.626

Graphical representation

Temperature range (°C): 20.684 - 26.409

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.051 - 0.090

Salinity (PPS): 34.244 - 35.071

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.753 - 5.295

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.089 - 0.301

Silicate (umol/l): 1.751 - 2.626
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth range based on 328 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 312 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 42.5 - 5260
  Temperature range (°C): 1.973 - 19.331
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.600 - 41.511
  Salinity (PPS): 34.216 - 36.559
  Oxygen (ml/l): 0.545 - 6.623
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.168 - 3.312
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.008 - 109.054

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 42.5 - 5260

Temperature range (°C): 1.973 - 19.331

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.600 - 41.511

Salinity (PPS): 34.216 - 36.559

Oxygen (ml/l): 0.545 - 6.623

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.168 - 3.312

Silicate (umol/l): 1.008 - 109.054
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth Range: Deep mesopelagic

Habitat: Midwater

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Source: Invertebrates of the Salish Sea

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Parapasiphae sulcatifrons

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Parapasiphae sulcatifrons

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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