Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This Australian endemic occurs in the southwest and arid (central) zones of Western Australia. The estimated altitudinal range of the species is from 0-600m asl.
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Distribution and Habitat

Southwest and arid (central) zones of Western Australia.The extent of occurrence of the species is approximately 111800 km2

  • Barker, J., Grigg, G. C., and Tyler, M. J. (1995). A Field Guide to Australian Frogs. Surrey Beatty and Sons, New South Wales.
  • Tyler, M.J., Smith, L.A., and Johnstone, R.E. (1994). Frogs of Western Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth.
  • Cogger, H.G. (1992). Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. Reed Books, New South Wales.
  • Roberts, J.D. (1981). ''Terrestrial breeding in the Australian Leptodactylid frog Myobatrachus gouldii (Gray).'' Australian Wildlife Research, 8, 451-462.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The species inhabits open woodland and dense scrub in sand hills or where soil is leached grey sand. It is often found in association with termite nests as it feeds on termites. It is otherwise found in soft sandy soils buried under logs and rocks. They avoid hard substrates and drainage channels. It emerges after rain. It breeds after heavy rain that triggers emergence. Males call from the soil surface or with only their heads uncovered. Eggs are very large and up to 40 are laid about 1-1.2m underground. Development is terrestrial and occurs within the egg capsule.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Myobatrachus gouldii

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 33
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2004

Assessor/s
Jean-Marc Hero, Dale Roberts

Reviewer/s
Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because its population is not believed to be in decline at present.

History
  • 2002
    Least Concern
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Population

Population
It is a common species.

Population Trend
Stable
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Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors

Open woodland and dense scrub in sand hills or where soil is leached grey sand. Often found in association with termite nests as it feeds on termites. Otherwise found in soft sandy soils burried under logs and rocks. They avoid hard substrates and drainage channels. Emerges after rain.Breeds after heavy rain that triggers emergence. Males call from the soil surface or with only their heads uncovered. Eggs are very large and up to 40 are laid about 1 - 1.2m underground. Development is terrestrial and occurs within the egg capsule.

  • Barker, J., Grigg, G. C., and Tyler, M. J. (1995). A Field Guide to Australian Frogs. Surrey Beatty and Sons, New South Wales.
  • Tyler, M.J., Smith, L.A., and Johnstone, R.E. (1994). Frogs of Western Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth.
  • Cogger, H.G. (1992). Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. Reed Books, New South Wales.
  • Roberts, J.D. (1981). ''Terrestrial breeding in the Australian Leptodactylid frog Myobatrachus gouldii (Gray).'' Australian Wildlife Research, 8, 451-462.
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known threats to this species and it occurs in an area where there is very little human disturbance.
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Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors

No known declines and extent of occurrence > 20,000km2.

Threats
None known.

Conservation Measures
None in place.

  • Barker, J., Grigg, G. C., and Tyler, M. J. (1995). A Field Guide to Australian Frogs. Surrey Beatty and Sons, New South Wales.
  • Tyler, M.J., Smith, L.A., and Johnstone, R.E. (1994). Frogs of Western Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth.
  • Cogger, H.G. (1992). Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. Reed Books, New South Wales.
  • Roberts, J.D. (1981). ''Terrestrial breeding in the Australian Leptodactylid frog Myobatrachus gouldii (Gray).'' Australian Wildlife Research, 8, 451-462.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Its range includes multiple protected areas in Western Australia.
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Wikipedia

Myobatrachus gouldii

Myobatrachus gouldii, the turtle frog, is a Western Australian frog and the only species in the genus Myobatrachus. It has a small head, short limbs, and a round body, up to 45 millimetres (1.8 in) long.[1]

The turtle frog is found in between Geraldton and Fitzgerald River in the Perth region, Western Australia.[2] This area is mainly semi-arid, so the frogs have adapted to suit this region. They have developed short muscular limbs to help them dig into the sand but, unlike most frogs, they dig forwards, like a turtle. They feed on termites so the adaptation of the muscular limbs is useful when trying to break into a termite mound.

References

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