The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. IUCN Red List (May, 2009) http://www.iucnredlist.orghttp://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Macdonald, D. (2001) The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 3. CITES (May, 2009) http://www.cites.orghttp://www.cites.org External link.
  • 4. Smithsonian Museum (April, 2002) http://nationalzoo.si.edu/animals/asianelephants/factpygmyhippo.cfmhttp://nationalzoo.si.edu/animals/asianelephants/factpygmyhippo.cfm External link.
  • 5. Ultimate Ungulate (April, 2002) http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Hexaprotodon_liberiensis.htmlhttp://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Hexaprotodon_liberiensis.html External link.
  • 6. African Mammals Database (April, 2002) http://www.gisbau.uniroma1.it/amd/amd142b.htmlhttp://www.gisbau.uniroma1.it/amd/amd142b.html External link.
  • 7. Lewison, R. (April, 2002) Pers. Comm.
  • Boitani, L., S. Bartoli. 1982. Simon & Schuster's Guide to Mammals. New York: Fireside/Simon & Schuster, Inc.
  • Burton, J. A., and B. Pearson. 1987. Rare Mammals of the World, WIlliam Collins Sons & Co. ltd.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Eltringham, S. 1999. The Hippos. San Diego, California: Academic Press.
  • Eltringham, S. K. 1999. The Hippos. Academic Press, London and San Diego.
  • Emanoil, M. 1994. Encyclopedia of Endangered Species. Gale Research International, Detriot, London.
  • FFI and FDA (2013) National Action Plan for the Conservation of the Pygmy Hippopotamus in Liberia. Fauna & Flora International, Cambridge, UK and Forestry Development Authority, Monrovia, Liberia.
  • G. B. Corbet (1969) The taxonomic status of the Pygmy hippopotamus, Choeropsis liberiensis, from the Niger Delta, Journal of Zoology, 158, 387-394.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Huffman, B. 2004. "Hexaprotodon liberiensis" (On-line). The Ultimate Ungulate. Accessed March 09, 2009 at http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Hexaprotodon_liberiensis.html.
  • J.-R. Boisserie. 2005. The phylogeny and taxonomy of Hippopotamidae (Mammalia: Artiodactyla): a review based on morphology and cladistic analysis. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 143:1-26
  • Kingdon, J. 1997. The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. San Diego, California: Academic Press.
  • Lang, E. 1990. Pygmy Hippoptamuses. Pp. 58-64 in B Grzimek, ed. Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals, Vol. 5, 1 Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.
  • Leidy, 1991. Pygmy Hippopotamus. Pp. 1350-1351 in R Nowak, ed. Walker's Mammals of the World, Vol. 2, 5 Edition. Baltimore Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Lewison, R., W. Oliver. 2008. "2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species" (On-line). IUCN 2008 Red List. Accessed September 03, 2008 at http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/10032.
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Oliver, W. 1993. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan: Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
  • Oliver, W. L. R. 1993. Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos, Status Survery and Conservation Action Plan. Iucn, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. Edited by William L. R. Oliver, IUCN/SSC Pigs and Peccaries Specialist Group, IUCN/SSC Hippo Specialist Group.
  • Prothero, D., S. Foss. 2007. The Evolution of Artiodactyls. Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Robinson, P. "River Horses and Water Cows" (On-line). Accessed December 10, 2008 at http://moray.ml.duke.edu/projects/hippos/Pygmy_Text.doc.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • http://a-z-animals.com/animals/pygmy-hippopotamus/
  • http://www.lpzoo.org/animals/factsheet/pygmy-hippopotamus

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