The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Girard, Charles. 1854. Myriapods. In: Marcy, Randolph Barnes: Exploration of the Red River of Louisiana, in the year 1852, by Randolph B. Marcy, assisted by George B. McClellan.
  • Hoffman, Richard L. 1999. Checklist of the Millipeds of North and Middle America
  • Holotype:
  • Krabbe, Elke. 1982. Systematik der Spirostreptidae (Diplopoda, Spirostreptomorpha). Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Hamburg, (NF), 24: 1-476.
  • Neotype:
  • Paratype:
  • Spelda J. (2013). SysMyr: Systematic Myriapod Database (version Aug 2012). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.


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