Data about <i>Leopardus pardalis</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Leopardus pardalis</i>
Geographic range (area)
Additional detail 16,040,024.42 km^2 PanTHERIA  
  • Longitude
    Longitude is a geographic position that refers to the angle east or west of a reference meridian between the two geographical poles to another meridian that passes through an arbitrary point.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318
Longitude min
Additional detail -114 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail -34.8 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
median Additional detail -74.3 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
Latitude median
Additional detail -0.41 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
min Additional detail -32.7 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail 31.83 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Leopardus pardalis</i>
Body length (VT) average
Additional detail 74.43 cm adult PanTHERIA  
Body mass
Additional detail 10.5 kg AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 11.88 kg adult PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 250 g newborn animal PanTHERIA  
Weight
Additional detail 255.5 g neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 3.4 kg weanling AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 8.8 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Leopardus pardalis</i>
Habitat
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail carcass Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cave
  • Cave
    Naturally formed, subterranean open area or chamber.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000067
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail chaparral
  • Chaparral
    A shrubland area found primarily in regions with a Mediterranean climate (mid, wet winters and hot dry summers) often shaped by wildfires.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000301
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail city Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail desert
  • Desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail desert biome
  • Desert biome
    A desert biome is a terrestrial biome which loses more liquid water by evapotranspiration than is supplied by precipitation and includes communities adapted to these conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000179
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail grassland biome
  • Grassland biome
    A grassland biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, an unbroken layer of grasses (Gramineae), sedges (Cyperaceae) or rushes (Juncaceae).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000177
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mangrove swamp
  • Mangrove swamp
    An swamp formed of trees and shrubs that grow in saline coastal habitats in the tropics and subtropics.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000057
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • Marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mount
  • Mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail national wildlife refuge
  • National wildlife refuge
    A designation for certain protected areas of the United States managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. The National Wildlife Refuge system is a network of lands and waters managed to protect wildlife and wildlife habitat.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000364
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pasture
  • Pasture
    Grassland used for grazing of ungulate livestock as part of a farm or ranch.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000266
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peak Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river
  • River
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail savanna
  • Savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shrubland biome
  • Shrubland biome
    A shrubland biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, dense groups of shrubs.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000176
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail swamp
  • Swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail village biome
  • Village biome
    A village biome is an anthropogenic terrestrial biome which contains settlements such as villages, towns, and/or small cities and which is primarily used for agricultural activity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000246
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Precipitation in geographic range mean
Additional detail 137.68 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
Trophic level
Additional detail Carnivore
  • Carnivore
    An animal that mainly eats meat.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Primary__Carnivore
PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail Aelurostrongylus GloBI  
Additional detail Anaconda GloBI  
Additional detail Anaconda, Green Anaconda GloBI  
Additional detail Black-faced Lion Tamarin GloBI  
Additional detail Capilaria GloBI  
Additional detail Feline Roundworm GloBI  
Additional detail Hammondia GloBI  
Additional detail Harpy Eagle GloBI  
Additional detail Jaguars GloBI  
Additional detail Oncicola GloBI  
Additional detail Paragonimus GloBI  
Additional detail South American Coati GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Muriqui GloBI  
Additional detail Spiruridae GloBI  
Additional detail Strongylida GloBI  
Additional detail Taeniidae GloBI  
Feeds on
Additional detail Black-faced Lion Tamarin GloBI  
Additional detail South American Coati GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Muriqui GloBI  
Habitat breadth
Additional detail 1 PanTHERIA  
Temperature in geographic range mean
Additional detail 22.87 degrees Celsius PanTHERIA  
  • Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly AET (Actual Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AETinRange
Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 1,214.64 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
  • Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly PET (Potential Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is a representation of the environmental demand for evapotranspiration and represents the evapotranspiration rate of a short green crop, completely shading the ground, of uniform height and with adequate water status in the soil profile. It is a reflection of the energy available to evaporate water, and of the wind available to transport the water vapour from the ground up into the lower atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PETinRange
Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 1,486.62 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail Armored Rat GloBI  
Additional detail Big-eared Opossum GloBI  
Additional detail Black-faced Lion Tamarin GloBI  
Additional detail Brazilian Guinea Pig GloBI  
Additional detail Brown Howler GloBI  
Additional detail Brown Jay GloBI  
Additional detail Brush Mouse GloBI  
Additional detail Common Opossum GloBI  
Additional detail Desmarest's Spiny Pocket Mouse GloBI  
Additional detail Golden Mantled Tamarin GloBI  
Additional detail Golden-bellied Capuchin GloBI  
Additional detail Hoffmann''s Two-toed Sloth GloBI  
Additional detail Kinkajou GloBI  
Additional detail Llama GloBI  
Additional detail Maned Sloth GloBI  
Additional detail Mexican Hairy Dwarf Porcupine GloBI  
Additional detail Ocellated Turkey GloBI  
Additional detail Ocelot GloBI  
Additional detail Ocelot GloBI  
Additional detail Pygmy Three-toed Sloth GloBI  
Additional detail Red-chested Moustached Tamarin GloBI  
Additional detail Red-faced Spider Monkey GloBI  
Additional detail Red-rumped Agouti GloBI  
Additional detail Short-eared Dog GloBI  
Additional detail Slaty-breasted Tinamou GloBI  
Additional detail South American Brown Brocket GloBI  
Additional detail South American Coati GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Muriqui GloBI  
Additional detail Spix's Moustached Tamarin GloBI  
Additional detail Tomes' Spiny Rat GloBI  
Additional detail Weid's Black-tufted-ear Marmoset GloBI  
Additional detail White-faced Capuchin GloBI  
Diet breadth
Additional detail 1 PanTHERIA  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Leopardus pardalis</i>
Home range average
Additional detail 5.08 km^2 PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 5.38 km^2 PanTHERIA  
Clutch/brood/litter size average
Additional detail 1.66 individuals PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 2 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Behavioral circadian rhythm
Additional detail nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
  • Nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    An organism that is nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/activityCycleOther
PanTHERIA  
Dispersal age average
Additional detail 2.08 years PanTHERIA  
Gestation period duration average
Additional detail 81.99 days PanTHERIA  
Inter-birth interval average
Additional detail 360.9 days female PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 1.24 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Litters per year average
Additional detail 1 female PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 1 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Total life span max
Additional detail 20.3 years PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail 28.2 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Age at eye opening average
Additional detail 9.97 days PanTHERIA  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 1.64 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 1.64 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 1.86 years PanTHERIA  
Terrestriality
Additional detail fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
  • Fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
    An organism that spends most of its time on the ground or underground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/groundDwelling
PanTHERIA  
Weaning age
Additional detail 106 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 106.18 days PanTHERIA  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 77 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Evolution and Systematics

Data about <i>Leopardus pardalis</i>
  • First Appearance (Older Bound)
    The older bound for the first appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_firstapp_ea
First Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 0.3 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
  • First Appearance (Younger Bound)
    The younger bound for the first appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_firstapp_la
First Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0.012 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
  • Last Appearance (Older Bound)
    The older bound for the last appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_lastapp_ea
Last Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
  • Last Appearance (Younger Bound)
    The younger bound for the last appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_lastapp_la
Last Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Leopardus pardalis</i>
Metabolic rate average
Additional detail 3,682.8 mL/hr O2 PanTHERIA  
  • Basal metabolic rate
    Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy expended daily by humans and other animals at rest. Rest is defined as existing in a neutrally temperate environment while in the post-absorptive state.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/165109007
Basal metabolic rate
Additional detail 17.37 Watts AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Body temperature
    The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, temperature is measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2871-4249
Body temperature
Additional detail 38.0 degrees Celsius AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Leopardus pardalis</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  
Animal population density average
Additional detail 0.42 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Human population density mean
Additional detail 26.95 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Human population density change mean
Additional detail 0.11 PanTHERIA  
Extinction status
Additional detail extant The Paleobiology Database  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Leopardus pardalis</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  

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