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 Perennial herb 5-30 cm (–1 m) high, freely rooting at the nodes. Stem erect or prostrate, glabrous below and glandular pubescent above. Leaves variable, mostly ovate-oblong 3–14 × 1.5–4 cm, with regular to irregularly dentate margins; basal leaves oval to spatulate, with petioles up to three-quarters as long as the blades; upper leaves ovate with much shorter petioles or sessile. Inflorescence racemose, many-flowered; pedicels 2.5–5 cm long, normally equalling or slightly longer than the corolla, but shorter in later flowers. Calyx 1.5–2.5 cm long, with 5 triangular teeth, the upper tooth distinctly longer; pubescent outside covered with glandular hairs throughout, and with short, simple hairs in the base of the calyx extending along the ridges; calyx becoming inflated in fruit, with the lower two calyx-teeth curving upwards and enclosing the fruit. Corolla ovate in frontal view, 4–5 cm wide, 3–5 cm tall, and 4–5 cm long (deep); the lobes almost truncate, particularly the two lateral ones; yellow, with a single faint-red, vertically-elongated 2 × 5 mm spot located approximately half-way on the central lower lobe; throat hairy, spotted with red, more or less open; lobes subequal, the central lower lobe slightly longer (Fig. 2). Style glabrous, ending in a bi-lobed, thigmotropic stigma. Fruit a broadly oblong capsule; seeds striate, very small (<0.02 mg; ~0.1 mm2). Anthers yielding abundant quantities of viable pollen (percent of viable pollen: 86.39 ± 4.01%, range: 73.24 – 96.40%, N = 6 individuals); pollen diameter from 53.43 ± 1.22 μm (mean ± SE; N =5 individuals, 100 pollen grains per individual; Hoyer’s medium) to 48.78 ± 0.97μm (mean ± SE; N =6 individuals, 100 pollen grains per individual; 70% ethanol) depending on mounting medium. Sets abundant seed following artificial self-pollination. Germination rates of self-fertilized seed 80% ± 4.2% (N =6 families, 50 seeds per family). Stomata length 35.44 μm ± 0.99 (N = 7 individuals, 20 stomata per individual). Chromosome number 2n = 92 (J. Bailey). 

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© Mario Vallejo-Marín

Source: PhytoKeys

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