Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

"Two specimens from the Maldives, Hulule, Male Atoll. One of them is a giant, with a cephalothorax 70 mm. (2 4/5 inches) long, and is lodged in a large shell of Dolium with several small sea-anemones attached."

Alcock, 1905; pg. 831

Public Domain

Sekerci, Kristin

Source: Maldives and Laccadives

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Distribution

"This common species ranges from the Red Sea and East coast of Africa eastwards as far as the Sandwich Is., and southwards as far as Australia; that is to say, from about 40° E. to about 150° W., and from about 28° N. to about 30° S."

Alcock, 1905; pg. 831

Public Domain

Sekerci, Kristin

Source: Maldives and Laccadives

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Physical Description

Morphology

"The left hand is short and large, with the outer surface regularly convex. The part of the hand preceding the fingers hardly longer than broad. In a specimen, the carapax of which is one and three-fourths inches [about 3-4 cm] long, this hand has for its breadth, thirteen lines; length, eighteen lines; length at middle to base of moveable finger, one inch [2.5 cm] or twelve lines. The carpus has three sharp and stout spines above; the arm several long and slender teeth on inferior margin. The eyes are stouter and proportionally shorter than in the spinimanus; they are enlarged and globular at the extremity."

Dana, 1852; pgs. 451-452

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Sekerci, Kristin

Source: Maldives and Laccadives

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Type Information

Type for Dardanus jordani Schmitt, 1921
Catalog Number: USNM 3093
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: male;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): D. Jordan
Year Collected: 1880
Locality: San Francisco, California, United States, North Pacific Ocean
  • Type:
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Type for Dardanus megistos (Herbst, 1804)
Catalog Number: USNM 2006
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Locality: Kelasa Strait, Moluccas, Indonesia, South Pacific Ocean
  • Type:
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 7 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 4 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 58.5
  Temperature range (°C): 24.146 - 28.954
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.090 - 0.166
  Salinity (PPS): 34.131 - 35.418
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.525 - 4.889
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.113 - 0.142
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.005 - 1.579

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 58.5

Temperature range (°C): 24.146 - 28.954

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.090 - 0.166

Salinity (PPS): 34.131 - 35.418

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.525 - 4.889

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.113 - 0.142

Silicate (umol/l): 1.005 - 1.579
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Dardanus megistos

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Dardanus megistos

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Genomic DNA is available from 1 specimen with morphological vouchers housed at Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Ocean Genome Legacy

Source: Ocean Genome Resource

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Wikipedia

Dardanus megistos

Dardanus megistos, the white-spotted hermit crab or spotted hermit crab, is a species of hermit crab, living in reefs in the Indo-Pacific region from Africa to the South China Sea and Hawaii.[1][2] Dardanus megistos can attain a maximum size of 8 inches (20 cm).

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Patsy McLaughlin (2009). "Dardanus megistos (Herbst, 1804)". In Patsy McLaughlin. World Paguroidea database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved February 6, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Species Dardanus megistos (Herbst, 1804)". Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. February 23, 2009. 
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Source: Wikipedia

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