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Bipaliinae is a subfamily of land planarians found mainly in Southeast Asia, Australasia and Africa, although some species have been introduced worldwide.[2]


The subfamily Bipaliinae is characterized by having a semilunar head with peripheral sensory pits, which gives them the common name "hammerhead worms". [3]


Species in the subfamily Bipaliinae are grouped in the following genera:[3]


  1. ^ Sluys, R.; Kawakatsu, M.; Riutort, M.; Baguñà, J. (2009). "A new higher classification of planarian flatworms (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida)". Journal of Natural History 43 (29–30): 1763–1777. doi:10.1080/00222930902741669.  edit
  2. ^ Álvarez-Presas, M.; Mateos, E.; Tudó, À.; Jones, H.; Riutort, M. (2014). "Diversity of introduced terrestrial flatworms in the Iberian Peninsula: A cautionary tale". PeerJ 2: e430. doi:10.7717/peerj.430. PMC 4060057. PMID 24949245.  edit
  3. ^ a b Winsor, L.; Johns, P. M.; Barker, G. M. (2004). Terrestrial planarians (Platyhelminthes: Turbellaria: Tricladida: Continenticola) predaceous on terrestrial gastropods. In: Barker, G. (ed.), Natural Enemies of Terrestrial Molluscs, pp. 227-278.


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