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Range DescriptionEndemic of the Caucasus. Distributed on northern slopes of central part of th Major Caucasus Ridge (Prielbrusje), in headstreams of rivers Kuban, Malka, Bakan and Chegem (Karachai-Circassia and Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia). The only species of ground squirrel in the region. Total range is about 300,000 ha. In this area found 234 separate colonies, covered in total 85,000 ha. Majority of colonies are 10-100 ha (126 colonies) and 100-1000 ha (57). Rarely found small (less than 10 ha; 39 colonies) and very big (more than 1000 ha; 12 colonies) (Dyatlov et al., 1980).