The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • Aichun, X., J. Zhigang, L. Chunwang, G. Jixun, W. Guosheng, C. Ping. 2006. Summer food habits of brown bears in Kekexili Nature Reserve, Qinghai–Tibetan plateau, China. Ursus, 17/2: 132-137.
  • Armitage, K. 1982. Marmots and coyotes: behavior of prey and predator. Journal of Mammalogy, 63: 503-505.
  • Armitage, K. 1986. Marmot polygyny revisited: determinants of male and female reproductive strategies. Ecological Aspects of Social Evolution, 1: 303-331.
  • Armitage, K. 1999. Evolution of sociality in marmots. Journal of Mammalogy, 81/1: 1-10.
  • Armitage, K. 2003. Observations on plant choice by foraging Yellow-Bellied Marmots. Oecologia Montana, 12: 25-28. Accessed March 27, 2011 at
  • Bagchia, S., T. Namgailb, M. Ritchiea. 2006. Small mammalian herbivores as mediators of plant community dynamics in the high-altitude arid rangelands of Trans-Himalaya. Biological Conservation, 127/4: 438-442.
  • Barash, D. 1989. Marmots: Social behavior and ecology. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
  • Blumstein, D., K. Armitage. 1999. Cooperative breeding in marmots. Oikos, 84/3: 369-382.
  • Burton, M., R. Burton. 2002. Marmot. Pp. 1568-1571 in B Hoare, P Bernabeo, eds. International Wildlife Encyclopedia, Vol. Third Edition. Tarrytown, New York: Marshall Cavendish Corporation.
  • Don E. Wilson and DeeAnn M. Reeder (eds.), Mammal Species of the World,Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition, 2005.
  • Hoffmann, R., A. Smith. 2008. Family Sciuridae. Pp. 172-195 in A Smith, Y Xie, eds. A Guide to the Mammals of China. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
  • Jin-hui, X., W. Lin-lin, X. Hui-liang, W. Yu-shan, X. Lai-xiang. 2009. Genetic structure of Himalayan marmot (Marmota himalayana) population alongside the Qinghai–Tibet railway. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 29/5: 314-319.
  • Lu, Y., B. Wang, H. Huang, Y. Tian, J. Bao, J. Dong, M. Roggendorf, M. Lu, D. Yang. 2008. The interferon-a gene family of Marmota himalayana, a Chinese marmot species with susceptibility to woodchuck hepatitis virus infection. Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 32/4: 445-457.
  • Mishra, C., A. Datta, M. Datta. 2006. Mammals of the high altitudes of western Arunachal Pradesh, eastern Himalaya: an assessment of threats and conservation needs. Cambridge Journals, 40/1: 29-35.
  • Molur, S., T. Shreshtha. 2008. "Marmota himalayana" (On-line). IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. Accessed September 15, 2010 at
  • Nikol'skii, A., A. Ulak. 2006. Key factors determining the ecological niche of the Himalayan marmot, Marmota himalayana (1841). Russian Journal of Ecology, 37/1: 46-52.
  • Nikol'skii, A., N. Formozov. 2005. The alarm call of Himalayan marmot (Marmota himalayana, Rodentia, Sciuridae). Zoologičeskij žurnal, 84/12: 1497-1507.
  • Nikol’skii, A. 2007. The influence of amplitude modulation on the structure of call spectrum in marmots (Marmota, Rodentia, Sciuridae). Izvestiya Akademii Nauk, 34/4: 428–436.
  • Oli, M., I. Taylor, M. Rogers. 1993. Diet of the snow leopard (Pantheva uncia) in the Annapurna Conservation Area, Nepal. Journal of Zoology, 231/1: 365-370.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Polly, D. 2003. Paleophlogeography: the tempo of geographic differentiation in marmots (Marmota). Journal of Mammalogy, 84/2: 369-384.
  • Sun, S., G. Sui, Y. Liu, X. Cheng, I. Anand, P. Harris, D. Heath. 1989. The pulmonary circulation of the Tibetan snow pig (Marmota himalayana). Journal of Zoology, 217/1: 89-90.
  • Thorington Jr., R., K. Ferrell. 2006. Squirrel Behavior. Pp. 62-95 in V Burke, ed. Squirrels: The Animal Answer Guide. Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University press.
  • Thorington, Richard W., Jr., John L. Koprowski, Michael A. Steele, and James F. Whatton. 2012. Squirrels of the World. vii + 459
  • Thorington, Richard W., Jr., and Robert S. Hoffman / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Family Sciuridae. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2. 754-818
  • WANG Sung WANG JiaJun and LUO YiNin, MAMMALIAN NAMES(LATIN, CHINESE AND ENGLISH),Beijing:Science Press, 1994.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Wolff, J., P. Sherman. 2007. Rodent societies: an ecological and evolutionary perspective. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Zimina, R., I. Gerasimov. 1973. The periglacial expansion of marmots (Marmota) in middle Europe during late pleistocene. Journal of Mammalogy, 54/2: 327-340.
  • de Magalhaes, J., A. Budovsky, G. Lehmann, J. Costa, Y. Li, V. Fraifeld,, G. Church. 2009. "The Human Ageing Genomic Resources: online databases and tools for biogerontologists" (On-line). Aging Cell. Accessed March 23, 2011 at
  • 黄文几,陈延熹,温业新, 中国啮齿类,上海:复旦大学出版社, 1995.


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