Data about <i>Puma concolor</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Puma concolor</i>
Native range includes
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
Geographic range (area)
Additional detail 22,350,859.07 km^2 PanTHERIA  
  • Longitude
    Longitude is a geographic position that refers to the angle east or west of a reference meridian between the two geographical poles to another meridian that passes through an arbitrary point.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318
Longitude min
Additional detail -135 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail -34.8 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
median Additional detail -85.1 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
Latitude min
Additional detail -53.1 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
median Additional detail 3.28 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail 59.66 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Puma concolor</i>
Body length (VT) average
Additional detail 1.4 m adult PanTHERIA  
Body mass average
Additional detail 3.5 kg weanling PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 37.2 kg AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 409.87 g newborn animal PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 53.95 kg adult PanTHERIA  
Weight
Additional detail 3.5 kg weanling AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 400 g neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 63.0 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Puma concolor</i>
Habitat
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail arid
  • Arid
    An arid condition is an environmental condition in which annual precipitation is less than half of annual potential evapotranspiration.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000230
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cave
  • Cave
    Naturally formed, subterranean open area or chamber.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000067
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail chaparral
  • Chaparral
    A shrubland area found primarily in regions with a Mediterranean climate (mid, wet winters and hot dry summers) often shaped by wildfires.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000301
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail city Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail crevasse Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail desert scrubland
  • Desert scrubland
    A scrubland which is located in a desert.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000242
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail dune Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail montane desert biome
  • Montane desert biome
    A montane desert biome is a desert biome which occurs in regions elevated above sea level and which has community structure determined by elevation-dependent environmental conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000185
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mount
  • Mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peninsula
  • Peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail savanna
  • Savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea
  • Sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail swamp
  • Swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Precipitation in geographic range mean
Additional detail 109.2 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
Trophic level
Additional detail Carnivore
  • Carnivore
    An animal that mainly eats meat.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Primary__Carnivore
PanTHERIA  
Feeds on
Additional detail American Black Bear Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail Asiatic Wild Ass Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail Birds Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail Elk Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail Giant Anteater Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail Mammals Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail Molluscs Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail Mule Deer and White-tailed Deer Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail New World Porcupines Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail Ray-finned Fishes Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail Red Fox Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail South American Brown Brocket Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail South American Coati Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail White-tailed Deer Global Biotic Interactions  
Habitat breadth
Additional detail 1 PanTHERIA  
Temperature in geographic range mean
Additional detail 18.19 degrees Celsius PanTHERIA  
  • Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly AET (Actual Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AETinRange
Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 968.16 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
  • Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly PET (Potential Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is a representation of the environmental demand for evapotranspiration and represents the evapotranspiration rate of a short green crop, completely shading the ground, of uniform height and with adequate water status in the soil profile. It is a reflection of the energy available to evaporate water, and of the wind available to transport the water vapour from the ground up into the lower atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PETinRange
Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 1,296.83 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
Diet breadth
Additional detail 1 PanTHERIA  
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
Has predator
Additional detail Bears Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail Cougar Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail Cougar Global Biotic Interactions  
Additional detail Grey Wolf Global Biotic Interactions  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Puma concolor</i>
Home range average
Additional detail 129.89 km^2 PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 138.87 km^2 PanTHERIA  
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 2.5 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 2.76 individuals PanTHERIA  
Behavioral circadian rhythm
Additional detail nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
  • Nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    An organism that is nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/activityCycleOther
PanTHERIA  
Age at first birth average
Additional detail 1.71 years female PanTHERIA  
Dispersal age average
Additional detail 1.15 years PanTHERIA  
Gestation period duration average
Additional detail 92.3 days PanTHERIA  
Inter-birth interval average
Additional detail 1.58 years female PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 2.15 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Litters per year
Additional detail 0.45 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 0.75 female PanTHERIA  
Total life span max
Additional detail 23.8 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
max Additional detail 20.0 years PanTHERIA  
Age at eye opening average
Additional detail 8 days PanTHERIA  
  • Social group size
    Number of individuals in a group that spends the majority of their time in a 24 hour cycle together where there is some indication that these individuals form a social cohesive unit.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SocialGroupSize
Social group size average
Additional detail 1 individuals PanTHERIA  
Onset of fertility average
Additional detail 2.83 years PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 2.5 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 2.5 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Terrestriality
Additional detail fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
  • Fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
    An organism that spends most of its time on the ground or underground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/groundDwelling
PanTHERIA  
Weaning age average
Additional detail 48.46 days PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 90 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Growth rate
Additional detail 0.0061 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 92 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Puma concolor</i>
Metabolic rate average
Additional detail 13,300.8 mL/hr O2 PanTHERIA  
  • Basal metabolic rate
    Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy expended daily by humans and other animals at rest. Rest is defined as existing in a neutrally temperate environment while in the post-absorptive state.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/165109007
Basal metabolic rate
Additional detail 49.33 Watts AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Body temperature
    The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, temperature is measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2871-4249
Body temperature
Additional detail 37.6 degrees Celsius AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Puma concolor</i>
Iucn red list category
Additional detail least concern
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
Population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  
Animal population density average
Additional detail 0.02 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Human population density mean
Additional detail 23.42 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Human population density change mean
Additional detail 0.1 PanTHERIA  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Puma concolor</i>
Not invasive in
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  

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