Overview

Distribution

Range Description

The geographic range of Lepus granatensis includes Portugal and nearly the entire extent of Spain (Alves et al. 2003). It is excluded from northern regions of Spain where L. castroviejoi and europaeus exist (Alves et al. 2003). In most of the northern provinces (Navarra, Asturias, Cantabria, Aragon, Catalunya, and Basque Country), L. europaeus and L. granatensis exist in parapatry, the Iberian hare inhabits the southern region and the brown hare can be found to the north (Fernandez et al. 2004). L. granatensis is also located on the island of Mallorca of the Balearic chain (Schneider 2001). It has gone extinct on the island of Ibiza (Balearic Islands) (Mitchell-Jones et al. 1999).

L. granatensis has been introduced in southern France (Perpignan) (Alves et al. 2003).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Lepus granatensis can persist in a variety of habitats within Spain and Portugal (Mitchell-Jones et al. 1999). It occupies arable lands of central Spain and mountainous forests of northwestern Spain (Mitchell-Jones et al. 1999). Other has been checked on the Habitat Preferences list and has been identified as dunes along the Mediterranean coast (Mitchell-Jones et al. 1999).

Reproduction in L. granatensis is continuous year round, with peaks experienced between February and June (Alves et al. 2002; Farfan et al. 2004). It has been estimated that the mean number of litters per productive female per year and the mean litter size are 3.48 and 2.08, respectively (Farfan et al. 2004).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Smith, A.T. & Johnston, C.H.

Reviewer/s
Alves, P.C. & Boyer, A.F. (Lagomorph Red List Authority)

Contributor/s

Justification
Lepus granatensis is cited as common and locally abundant within its widespread geographic range of the Iberian Peninsula (Mitchell-Jones et al. 1999). The current population trend in general is stable (Duarte 2000).

History
  • 1996
    Not Evaluated
    (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)
  • 1996
    Not Evaluated
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Population

Population
Lepus granatensis is considered locally abundant and common in the southern and central portions of its range (Mitchell-Jones et al. 1999; Farfan et al. 2004). In the autonomous communities of Galicia and Asturias, it is thought to be extremely rare or extinct (Mitchell-Jones et al. 1999). On the island of Mallorca it has become extinct in the western mountain range and is rare throughout the remainder of the island (Mitchell-Jones et al. 1999). Population trends in Navarra and Donana National Park, monitored over several years, have been increasing (Carro et al. 2004). A study of relative abundance and population trends in northeast Spain indicated that L. granatensis experienced, "a general positive trend during the study period" which occurred from 1992-2002 (Gortazar et al. 2007).

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
No major threats to Lepus granatensis have been cited.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Lepus granatensis is listed as an Appendix III species under the Bern Convention as part of L. capensis sensu lato (Mitchell-Jones et al. 1999).
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Wikipedia

Granada hare

The Granada Hare (Lepus granatensis), also known as the Iberian Hare, is a hare species that can be found on the Iberian peninsula and on the island of Majorca.

Subspecies [edit]

Three subspecies of the Granada Hare are known, which vary in colour and size.

References [edit]

  1. ^ Hoffman, R. S.; Smith, A. T. (2005). "Order Lagomorpha". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 199–200. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
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